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Table 5 Neutral emotion: the different acoustic features between depressed and healthy people under different tasks

From: Acoustic differences between healthy and depressed people: a cross-situation study

  Video Watching Question Answering Text Reading Picture describing
healthy depressed F ηp2 healthy depressed F ηp2 healthy depressed F ηp2 healthy depressed F ηp2
loudness 0.37 ± 0.17 0.17 ± 0.17 27.22*** .22 0.38 ± 0.16 0.17 ± 0.17 26.13*** .21 0.49 ± 0.21 0.24 ± 0.24 21.20*** .18 0.34 ± 0.13 0.17 ± 0.17 22.20*** .18
mfcc1 0.06 ± 3.79 0.97 ± 3.63 1.86 .02 0.09 ± 3.45 0.57 ± 3.63 0.92 .01 1.16 ± 3.24 1.63 ± 2.86 0.83 .01 −0.46 ± 3.16 1.02 ± 3.22 7.16** .07
mfcc2 8.62 ± 2.96 9.22 ± 3 0.79 .01 8.75 ± 2.73 9.45 ± 2.83 1.08 .01 8.37 ± 3.44 10.93 ± 4.02 11.05*** .10 8.35 ± 2.5 8.99 ± 2.25 1.75 .02
mfcc3 7.33 ± 4.78 3.8 ± 3.39 15.82*** .14 8.09 ± 4.57 3.34 ± 3.49 29.18*** .23 7.52 ± 5.94 2.46 ± 4.6 21.24*** .18 7.32 ± 3.83 4.08 ± 3.08 17.81*** .15
mfcc4 6.29 ± 4.65 3.84 ± 4.24 8.64** .08 5.09 ± 4.32 2.98 ± 4.46 5.83* .06 −0.46 ± 6.69 − 2.1 ± 6.39 0.87 .01 6.21 ± 3.53 3.93 ± 3.96 7.44** .07
mfcc5 2.35 ± 6.43 −4.5 ± 6.77 24.71*** .20 1.77 ± 5.49 −5.83 ± 7.31 31.73*** .24 −3.6 ± 5.9 − 12.42 ± 8.17 28.81*** .23 3.32 ± 5.21 − 3.2 ± 4.83 34.84*** .26
mfcc6 4.09 ± 6.64 6.16 ± 6.28 0.83 .01 3.54 ± 5.64 5.5 ± 6.7 0.63 .01 0.34 ± 6.62 5.66 ± 7.66 10.12** .09 4.23 ± 4.42 5.55 ± 6.14 0.24 .00
mfcc7 − 0.21 ± 6.08 − 7.21 ± 4.63 40.80*** .29 −1 ± 5.28 − 8.08 ± 4.45 49.00*** .33 −3.81 ± 5.68 − 11.79 ± 4.65 51.12*** .34 − 0.31 ± 4.3 − 7.06 ± 3.59 64.20*** .39
mfcc8 1.85 ± 5.25 1.97 ± 4.73 0.01 .00 0.35 ± 5.82 1.73 ± 4.65 1.86 .02 −2.78 ± 7.51 − 1.11 ± 5.86 2.25 .02 1.96 ± 3.86 1.85 ± 3.26 0.14 .00
mfcc9 0.16 ± 5.01 2.66 ± 3.95 5.91* .06 − 0.59 ± 5.51 1.67 ± 4.05 3.78 .04 −3.27 ± 5.9 − 0.37 ± 4.72 6.10* .06 0.57 ± 4.18 2.4 ± 3.19 3.62 .04
mfcc10 1.9 ± 5.7 0.59 ± 5.51 2.01 .02 1.44 ± 5.59 0.06 ± 4.63 3.57 .03 −0.44 ± 6.94 − 2.64 ± 6.22 2.19 .02 1.95 ± 5.04 1.47 ± 4.11 0.41 .00
mfcc11 − 0.08 ± 4.46 −0.8 ± 4.46 1.75 .02 − 0.49 ± 4.59 −0.54 ± 3.86 0.34 .00 −1.55 ± 6.06 − 2.2 ± 5.16 0.20 .00 −0.51 ± 3.43 0.19 ± 3.38 0.28 .00
mfcc12 −2.2 ± 3.68 −1.1 ± 3.2 0.95 .01 − 1.83 ± 3.75 −1.75 ± 3.16 0.11 .00 −3.23 ± 4.41 −3.47 ± 3.21 0.80 .01 −2 ± 2.8 −1.08 ± 2.11 1.10 .01
lsp0 0.19 ± 0.04 0.2 ± 0.04 0.77 .01 0.2 ± 0.03 0.21 ± 0.04 1.68 .02 0.2 ± 0.03 0.2 ± 0.02 0.06 .00 0.2 ± 0.03 0.2 ± 0.03 0.33 .00
lsp1 0.62 ± 0.05 0.62 ± 0.07 0.05 .00 0.61 ± 0.05 0.61 ± 0.06 0.71 .01 0.56 ± 0.04 0.57 ± 0.04 2.22 .02 0.63 ± 0.05 0.61 ± 0.05 3.94 .04
lsp2 0.98 ± 0.06 0.99 ± 0.06 0.33 .00 0.97 ± 0.06 0.98 ± 0.05 0.22 .00 0.91 ± 0.07 0.95 ± 0.05 8.00** .08 0.99 ± 0.05 0.98 ± 0.05 1.13 .01
lsp3 1.34 ± 0.07 1.3 ± 0.09 5.06* .05 1.34 ± 0.07 1.28 ± 0.09 9.67** .09 1.27 ± 0.07 1.23 ± 0.08 2.58 .03 1.35 ± 0.06 1.3 ± 0.07 13.91*** .12
lsp4 1.67 ± 0.07 1.61 ± 0.1 10.99*** .10 1.66 ± 0.07 1.59 ± 0.11 15.73*** .14 1.6 ± 0.08 1.52 ± 0.1 14.48*** .13 1.68 ± 0.06 1.61 ± 0.08 18.67*** .16
lsp5 2.0 ± 0.07 1.95 ± 0.11 5.46* .05 2.0 ± 0.06 1.94 ± 0.12 7.88** .07 1.94 ± 0.07 1.88 ± 0.1 7.76** .07 2.01 ± 0.05 1.96 ± 0.1 9.47** .09
lsp6 2.37 ± 0.06 2.31 ± 0.11 10.24** .09 2.37 ± 0.06 2.29 ± 0.12 14.31*** .13 2.32 ± 0.07 2.22 ± 0.12 17.25*** .15 2.38 ± 0.05 2.32 ± 0.09 15.02*** .13
lsp7 2.72 ± 0.04 2.7 ± 0.05 5.91* .06 2.72 ± 0.04 2.69 ± 0.06 11.33*** .10 2.7 ± 0.05 2.64 ± 0.07 19.24*** .16 2.73 ± 0.03 2.7 ± 0.04 11.75*** .11
zcr 0.03 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.01 6.30* .06 0.03 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.01 15.26*** .13 0.03 ± 0.01 0.04 ± 0.01 15.01*** .13 0.03 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.01 0.81 .01
vp 0.56 ± 0.07 0.52 ± 0.06 8.06** .08 0.56 ± 0.06 0.52 ± 0.05 9.81** .09 0.6 ± 0.06 0.57 ± 0.06 8.54** .08 0.54 ± 0.06 0.51 ± 0.05 8.18** .08
F0 131.82 ± 57.54 90.43 ± 38.27 13.79*** .12 128.75 ± 46.52 93.65 ± 38.37 12.83*** .11 144.87 ± 36.71 111.44 ± 35.54 23.83*** .20 120.79 ± 42.4 84.84 ± 36.85 13.67*** .12
F0env 297.16 ± 40.91 271.51 ± 45.86 8.58** .08 296.22 ± 40.37 269.71 ± 50.15 9.07** .08 267.89 ± 40.63 266.53 ± 42.48 16.56*** .14 305.99 ± 30.86 272.83 ± 41.98 20.20*** .17
  1. *, p < 0.05; **, p < 0.01; ***, p < 0.001; In the column of ηp2, we use bold for representing the features have large effect sizes. the upright features represent the features which are significant across all tasks