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Table 3 Logistic regression of perinatal depression symptoms according to sociodemographic, medical and lifestyle characteristics

From: Associations of sociodemographic and clinical factors with perinatal depression among Israeli women: a cross-sectional study

Variable Adjusted OR
(95% CI)
P value
Sociodemographic factors
 Age
  Age 25–40 years Reference  
  Age < 25 years 1.26 (0.99–1.61) 0.065
  Age > 40 years 1.09 (0.92–1.30) 0.316
  Residence in the periphery of the country 0.72 (0.57–0.92) 0.007
 Population group
  Non Arab, non Orthodox-Jewish population Reference  
 Arab background 2.28 (1.82–2.86) < 0.001
 Orthodox-Jewish affiliation 0.48 (0.36–0.63) < 0.001
Medical conditions
 Chronic Diabetes Mellitus 2.04 (1.22–3.43) 0.007
Medications
 No prior use of antidepressant medication Reference  
 Antidepressant medication < 3 m 2.34 (1.94–2.82) < 0.001
 Antidepressant medication > 3 m 3.44 (2.99–3.97) < 0.001
Blood Tests
 Anaemia (Haemoglobin > 10.5) 1.17 (1.04–1.32) 0.011
Lifestyle factors
 Never smoked Reference  
 Current smoking 1.62 (1.35–1.94) < 0.001
 Past smoking 1.36 (1.05–1.76) 0.021