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Table 3 Association between demographic and psychiatric characteristics and help-seeking (yes/no)

From: Help-seeking behaviors among Chinese people with mental disorders: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Univariable, OR (95% CI)Multivariable, OR(95% CI)
SexMale11
Female3.23 (2.28–4.56)2.89 (1.81–4.62)
Age group18–3911
40–540.40 (0.26–0.61)0.38 (0.22–0.66)
55+0.42 (0.27–0.65)0.25 (0.12–0.53)
Resident areaUrban1
Rural1.13 (0.75–1.71)
Marital statusNever married11
Married0.38 (0.26–0.55)0.69 (0.41–1.17)
Divorced/lost spouse0.53 (0.27–1.03)0.61 (0.26–1.45)
Years of education0–611
7–90.56 (0.34–0.92)0.47 (0.25–0.88)
10–121.03 (0.64–1.63)0.95 (0.50–1.80)
13+0.67 (0.41–1.08)0.61 (0.30–1.24)
Employment statusHousewife11
Employed0.51 (0.28–0.94)0.95 (0.46–1.96)
Retired0.48 (0.24–0.98)1.60 (0.67–3.82)
Unemployed/lost job0.99 (0.50–1.96)0.92 (0.42–2.03)
Farmer0.51 (0.23–1.11)0.53 (0.22–1.31)
Per capita family incomeBelow median or do not know11
Above median0.46 (0.33–0.65)0.58 (0.37–0.91)
Living statusLiving alone1
Living with other people1.98 (0.99–3.97)
GHQ score0–311
4+2.04 (1.4–2.98)1.25 (0.80–1.96)
GAF disabilityMild11
Moderate to severe2.56 (1.74–3.75)1.43 (0.84–2.43)
Mood disordersno11
yes1.79 (1.28–2.50)1.10 (0.71–1.73)
Anxiety disordersno1
yes1.32 (0.88–1.97)
Substance use disordersno11
yes0.22 (0.14–0.35)0.54 (0.29–1.01)
Psychotic disordersno11
yes11.44 (5.89–22.22)9.44 (4.19–21.26)
Organic mental disordersno1
yes1.40 (0.79–2.48)
Other mental disordersno1
yes1.93 (0.82–4.55)
Only NOS disorderNo1
yes1.23 (0.84–1.78)
Number of diagnoses111
2 or more2.32 (1.49–3.61)2.5 (1.40–4.45)
  1. Confidence intervals in bold type as statistically significant at the p < 0.05 level; GHQ-12 = General Health Questionnaire; GAF = Global Assessment of Functioning; NOS=Not Otherwise Specified