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Table 2 Associations between anxiety category at baseline and psychiatric outcome in self-report and parental report. Figures are hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals)

From: Anxiety at age 15 predicts psychiatric diagnoses and suicidal ideation in late adolescence and young adulthood: results from two longitudinal studies

 Anxiety category
UnadjustedAdjusteda
Psychiatric outcomeNormalbBorderlineAbnormalNormalbBorderlineAbnormal
Self-report
 Any psychiatric outcome11.90 (1.36–2.65)3.72 (2.93–4.72)11.73 (1.20–2.49)3.40 (2.58–4.48)
 Alcohol and drug misuse disorders11.44 (0.82–2.54)1.42 (0.87–2.32)11.22 (0.62–2.38)1.25 (0.69–2.25)
 Anxiety disorders13.35 (2.18–5.16)5.74 (4.15–7.96)12.67 (1.65–4.34)4.92 (3.33–7.28)
 Bipolar/psychotic disorders11.61 (0.38–7.26)1.18 (0.26–5.30)11.90 (0.46–7.87)1.54 (0.39–6.04)
 Depressive disorders12.03 (1.18–3.50)6.14 (4.39–8.58)11.58 (0.87–2.88)4.79 (3.23–7.08)
 Suicidal ideation11.68 (0.58–4.85)3.93 (2.05–7.55)11.16 (0.35–3.84)2.33 (1.04–5.22)
Parental report
 Any psychiatric outcome12.60 (1.88–3.59)4.88 (3.78–6.29)12.32 (1.64–3.29)3.88 (2.86–5.25)
 Alcohol and drug misuse disorders11.55 (0.82–2.91)2.85 (1.80–4.49)11.54 (0.79–3.02)2.15 (1.21–3.83)
 Anxiety disorders13.60 (2.30–5.64)7.52 (5.36–10.56)13.11 (1.92–5.04)6.01 (4.05–8.93)
 Bipolar/psychotic disorders11.95 (0.43–8.71)1.59 (0.35–7.17)11.72 (0.38–7.75)1.08 (0.30–3.87)
 Depressive disorders14.02 (2.57–6.29)6.52 (4.43–9.61)13.32 (2.05–5.37)5.07 (3.20–8.03)
 Suicidal ideation11.57 (0.47–5.26)4.88 (2.37–10.07)11.61 (0.46–5.63)3.76 (1.62–8.72)
  1. a Adjusted for sex, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder, and developmental coordination disorder at age 9/12. Bold estimates indicate significance at the 0.005 level, except for ‘any psychiatric outcome’, where alpha was set to 0.05.
  2. b Reference category