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Table 1 Male participants' characteristics (n=174)

From: Change in smoking cessation stage over 1 year in patients with schizophrenia: a follow up study in Japan

 Current smokerCurrent nonsmokerNever smoker
n (%)79 (45.4%)38 (21.8%)57 (32.7%)
Age (y) mean ± SD [min-max]45.6 ± 11.1 [22–69]49.8 ± 11.3 [27–66]39.9 ± 11.2 [20–67]
CP mean ± SD [min-max]a693 ± 431 [38–2011]545 ± 359 [25–1645]680 ± 490 [0–2556]
mGAF score mean ± SD [min-max]b53 ± 15 [21–88]51 ± 13 [25–82]51 ± 13 [21–81]
Marital status
 married9143
 unmarried582350
 separated101
 divorced1113
 widowed000
Educational level
  ≤ junior high school1569
  > junior high school but ≤high school
 381226
  > high school but ≤junior/vocational college
 1287
  ≥ university or college141215
Heavy Smoking Index score
 04
 14
 28
 320
 422
 512
 69
Smoking cessation trial
 failed39
 no40
Method of smoking cessation
 treatment64
 self-directed3334
  1. aEquivalent dose of chlorpromazine (CP)
  2. bThe modified Global Assessment of Functioning scale (mGAF)
  3. SD standard deviation