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Table 1 The association between Verbal Fluency and Trail Making Test, subtypes of possession and socio-demographics (gender age and education and risk factors history of trauma)

From: Differential executive functioning in the topology of Spirit possession or dissociative disorders: an explorative cultural study

Variables n Verbal Fluency Trail Making Test
Unadjusted Adjusted Unadjusted Adjusted
Mean (sd) p-Value β p-Value Mean (sd) p-Value β p-Value
Gender
 Male 37 14.86 (2.98) 0.112 0.332 0.471 101.89 (2.46) 0.002 −24.03 0.050
 Female 47 13.72 (3.42) 140.26 (78.72)
Age
 ≤ 30 years 44 13.80 (3.83) 0.198 −0.898 0.246 145.73 (79.53) <0.001 −14.60 0.270
 ≥ 30 years 40 14.70 (2.47) 98.75 (17.82)
Subtype
 Intermittent dissociative phenomenon 29 12.10 (3.03) <0.001 −3.725 <0.001 175.76 (83.77) <0.001 63.88 <0.001
 Transitory dissociative phenomenon 55 15.35 (2.82) 95.73 (15.20)
Education
 University 29 15.48 (2.98) 0.010 −0.008 0.993 94.69 (13.25) <0.001 12.01 0.407
 Less than University 55 13.56 (3.24) 138.47 (73.19)
History of traumatic experience
 Yes 29 15.41 (3.58) 0.015 0.939 0.203 98.31 (18.41) 0.001 −260.01 0.041
 No 55 13.60 (2.93) 136.56 (73.70)