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Table 2 The association between the subscales of Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST: Perseverative errors, the number of categories achieved) and Tower of London (number of correct moves), subtypes of possession and socio-demographics (gender age and education and risk factors-history of trauma)

From: Differential executive functioning in the topology of Spirit possession or dissociative disorders: an explorative cultural study

Variables n WCST (Perseverative errors) WCST (the number of categories achieved) Tower of London (number of correct move)
Unadjusted Adjusted Unadjusted Adjusted Unadjusted Adjusted
Mean (sd) p-Value β p-Value Mean (sd) p-Value β p-Value Mean (sd) p-Value β p-Value
Gender Male 37 7.43 (6.56) 0.022 0.981 0.807 3.08 (0.92) 0.024 1.023 0.877 9.65 (1.95) 0.081 1.039 0.633
Female 47 11.38 (8.92) 2.60 (0.99) 8.85 (2.14)
Age ≤ 30 years 44 12.45 (9.06) 0.001 1.190 0.068 3.08 (0.80) 0.016 0.912 0.544 8.68 (2.37) 0.014 1.016 0.853
≥ 30 years 40 6.55 (5.72) 2.57 (1.09) 9.78 (1.54)
Subtype Intermittent dissociative phenomenon 29 18.38 (5.72) <0.001 2.966 <0.001 1.90 (0.72) <0.001 0.569 0.004 7.97 (2.46) 0.001 0.802 0.037
Transitory dissociative phenomenon 55 5.04 (4.79) 3.29 (0.74) 9.85 (1.51)
Education University 29 4.76 (4.44) <0.001 0.939 0.615 3.38 (0.73) <0.001 1.048 0.772 9.69 (1.37) 0.070 0.960 0.662
Less than University 55 12.22 (8.53) 2.51 (0.98) 8.95 (2.35)
History of traumatic experience Yes 29 6.28 (5.95) 0.002 0.813 0.020 3.14 (0.88) 0.026 1.026 0.863 9.28 (1.60) 0.795 0.972 0.736
No 55 11.42 (8.65) 2.64 (1.01) 9.16 (2.31)