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Table 2 The association between the subscales of Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST: Perseverative errors, the number of categories achieved) and Tower of London (number of correct moves), subtypes of possession and socio-demographics (gender age and education and risk factors-history of trauma)

From: Differential executive functioning in the topology of Spirit possession or dissociative disorders: an explorative cultural study

VariablesnWCST (Perseverative errors)WCST (the number of categories achieved)Tower of London (number of correct move)
UnadjustedAdjustedUnadjustedAdjustedUnadjustedAdjusted
Mean (sd)p-Valueβp-ValueMean (sd)p-Valueβp-ValueMean (sd)p-Valueβp-Value
GenderMale377.43 (6.56)0.0220.9810.8073.08 (0.92)0.0241.0230.8779.65 (1.95)0.0811.0390.633
Female4711.38 (8.92)2.60 (0.99)8.85 (2.14)
Age≤ 30 years4412.45 (9.06)0.0011.1900.0683.08 (0.80)0.0160.9120.5448.68 (2.37)0.0141.0160.853
≥ 30 years406.55 (5.72)2.57 (1.09)9.78 (1.54)
SubtypeIntermittent dissociative phenomenon2918.38 (5.72)<0.0012.966<0.0011.90 (0.72)<0.0010.5690.0047.97 (2.46)0.0010.8020.037
Transitory dissociative phenomenon555.04 (4.79)3.29 (0.74)9.85 (1.51)
EducationUniversity294.76 (4.44)<0.0010.9390.6153.38 (0.73)<0.0011.0480.7729.69 (1.37)0.0700.9600.662
Less than University5512.22 (8.53)2.51 (0.98)8.95 (2.35)
History of traumatic experienceYes296.28 (5.95)0.0020.8130.0203.14 (0.88)0.0261.0260.8639.28 (1.60)0.7950.9720.736
No5511.42 (8.65)2.64 (1.01)9.16 (2.31)