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Table 2 Socio-economic characteristics of people with SMI and their households in Vietnam

From: Delays to diagnosis among people with severe mental illness in rural Vietnam, a population-based cross-sectional survey

VariablesThanh Hoa
n (%)
Ben Tre
n (%)
Total
N (%)
Individual level
 Number of participants191 (47.3)213 (52.7)404 (100%)
 Age (Mean ± SD)40.9 ± 16.241.1 ± 15.541.0 ± 15.8
Gender
 Male100 (52.4)113 (53.0)213 (52.7)
 Female91 (47.6)100 (47.0)191 (47.3)
Education
 Not completed primary school118 (61.8)114 (53.5)232 (57.4)
 Completion of primary school32 (16.8)45 (21.1)77 (19.1)
 Completion of secondary school26 (13.6)38 (17.8)64 (15.8)
 Completion high school and higher15 (7.8)16 (7.6)31 (7.7)
Receiving free antipsychotic treatment
 Yes123 (64.4)137 (64.3)260 (64.4)
 No68 (35.6)76 (35.7)144 (35.6)
Main caregiver
 Husband/wife60 (31.4)19 (8.9)79 (19.5)
 Family members127 (66.5)175 (82.2)302 (74.8)
 Others4 (2.1)19 (8.9)23 (5.7)
Marriage
 Married68 (35.6)25 (11.7)93 (23.0)
 Divorce/widow21 (11.0)24 (11.3)45 (11.1)
 Not married102 (53.4)164 (77.0)266 (65.8)
Prior employment status
 Never employed123 (64.4)125 (58.7)248 (61.4)
 Previously employed68 (35.6)88 (41.3)156 (38.6)
Having a comorbid chronic physical health problem
 Yes52 (27.2)48 (22.5)100 (24.7)
 No139 (72.8)165 (77.5)304 (75.3)
 Functioning status (Mean ± SD)69.4 ± 20.886.6 ± 26.978.5 ± 25.7
Having psychotic diagnosis
 After 200397 (50.8)129 (60.6)226 (55.9)
 Before 200394 (49.2)84 (39.4)178 (44.1)
 Annual financial burden* (Mean ± SD)442.0 ± 392.9486.8 ± 452.3465.6 ± 425.3
 Annual income* (Mean ± SD)262.8 ± 433.3260.7 ± 323.6261.7 ± 378.9
 Annual Expense* (Mean ± SD)606.8 ± 380.5641.3 ± 450.4625.0 ± 418.7
Household level
Number of households180 (48.7)190 (51.3)370 (100%)
Economic status
 Disadvantaged108 (60.0)73 (38.4)181 (48.9)
 Mid-level & advantaged72 (40.0)117 (61.6)189 (51.1)
Residence
 Urban29 (16.1)102 (53.7)131 (36.4)
 Rural151 (83.9)88 (46.3)239 (64.6)
 Household size (Mean ± SD)3.9 ± 1.54.0 ± 1.63.9 ± 1.5
 Social capital (Mean ± SD)4.1 ± 16.48.8 ± 35.46.5 ± 27.9
  1. *Unit: US dollars