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Table 3 Univariate comparison of individual factors and the delay to diagnosis

From: Delays to diagnosis among people with severe mental illness in rural Vietnam, a population-based cross-sectional survey

VariablesDelayed duration ≤1 year n (%)Delayed duration > 1 year n (%)Totalp-value
Province
 Thanh Hoa85 (39.2)106 (56.7)191 (47.3)< 0.001
 Ben Tre132 (60.8)81 (43.3)213 (52.7) 
Economic status
 Disadvantaged104 (47.9)98 (52.4)202 (50.0)0.3
 Mid-level & advantaged113 (52.1)89 (47.6)202 (50.0) 
Gender
 Male122 (56.2)91 (48.7)213 (52.7)0.1
 Female95 (43.8)96 (51.3)191 (47.3) 
Education
 Not completed primary school113 (52.1)119 (63.6)232 (57.4)0.1
 Completion of primary school46 (21.2)31 (16.6)77 (19.1) 
 Completion of secondary school39 (18.0)25 (13.4)64 (15.8) 
 Completion high school and higher19 (8.7)12 (6.4)31 (7.7) 
Receiving free antipsychotic treatment
 Yes140 (64.5)120 (64.2)260 (64.4)0.9
 No77 (35.5)67 (35.8)144 (35.6) 
Main caregiver
 Husband/wife41 (18.9)38 (20.3)79 (19.6)0.3
 Family members167 (77.0)135 (72.2)302 (74.8) 
 Others9 (4.1)14 (7.5)23 (5.6) 
Marriage    
 Married49 (22.6)44 (23.5)93 (23.0)0.7
 Divorce/widow22 (10.1)23 (12.3)45 (11.1) 
 Not married146 (67.3)120 (64.2)266 (65.9) 
Prior employment status
 Never employed125 (57.6)123 (65.8)248 (61.4)0.09
 Previously employed92 (42.4)64 (34.2)156 (38.6) 
Having a comorbid chronic physical health problem
 Yes46 (21.2)54 (28.9)100 (24.8)0.07
 No171 (78.8)133 (71.1)304 (75.2) 
Having psychotic diagnosis
 After 2003160 (73.7)66 (35.3)226 (55.9)<  0.001
 Before 200357 (26.3)121 (64.7)178 (44.1) 
 Age (mean ± SD)39.1 ± 15.943.2 ± 15.441.0 ± 15.80.008
 Functioning status (mean ± SD)82.9 ± 27.173.4 ± 23.078.5 ± 25.70.002
 Annual financial burden (mean ± SD)462.7 ± 369.9469.0 ± 482.7465.6 ± 425.30.9