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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of demographic characteristics of stroke survivors (n = 710)

From: Associations of psychological distress with positive psychological variables and activities of daily living among stroke patients: a cross-sectional study

     Mean ± SD  
n (%)DepressionAnxietySocial SupportHopeResilienceSelf- efficacy
Age (years)
 = < 4038 (5.4)22.47 ± 9.4753.03 ± 11.5565.66 ± 15.1524.13 ± 4.5564.97 ± 18.2028.61 ± 7.55
 41–65381 (53.7)23.72 ± 9.3655.59 ± 10.7159.82 ± 13.7121.90 ± 3.7664.71 ± 16.4225.59 ± 5.61
 > = 66291 (41.0)25.30 ± 8.9257.05 ± 11.4259.62 ± 13.0621.58 ± 3.5163.63 ± 14.6524.50 ± 4.69
F3.225*2.9583.465*7.926**0.42310.945**
Gender
 Male413 (58.2)24.77 ± 9.4156.37 ± 10.9159.11 ± 14.5621.90 ± 3.8462.86 ± 15.8625.59 ± 5.46
 Female297 (41.8)23.66 ± 8.9255.61 ± 11.3261.35 ± 11.9821.87 ± 3.6166.25 ± 15.5424.92 ± 5.42
T1.5710.9012.243*0.1052.828**1.623
Marital status
 Married533 (75.1)24.05 ± 9.5156.02 ± 11.1760.90 ± 12.9122.01 ± 3.7764.78 ± 15.8025.32 ± 5.48
 Single/Divorced/Widow177 (24.9)25.08 ± 8.2656.13 ± 10.8557.50 ± 15.1721.51 ± 3.6662.76 ± 15.7825.25 ± 5.36
T1.3000.1082.671**1.5471.4750.149
Education level
 Primary school172 (24.2)24.91 ± 10.0256.70 ± 11.9259.20 ± 12.1320.82 ± 3.6762.15 ± 14.1324.09 ± 5.33
 Middle school425 (59.9)24.71 ± 8.7556.83 ± 10.5059.64 ± 13.6221.81 ± 3.4364.42 ± 15.7925.05 ± 4.74
 College113 (15.9)21.84 ± 9.3652.13 ± 11.1562.88 ± 15.1723.78 ± 4.2767.01 ± 17.8628.12 ± 7.02
F4.877**8.579**3.00322.725**3.288*20.958**
Residence types
 Urban429 (60.4)23.82 ± 9.1654.99 ± 10.9960.79 ± 14.1422.41 ± 3.9064.90 ± 16.0126.27 ± 5.58
 Rural281 (39.6)25.04 ± 9.2857.67 ± 11.0458.92 ± 12.6121.09 ± 3.3563.34 ± 15.4823.84 ± 4.89
T 1.7203.177**1.7944.648**1.2815.940**
Chronic disease
 No77 (10.8)21.00 ± 10.3151.85 ± 12.5763.93 ± 16.0224.27 ± 4.5066.03 ± 17.5929.53 ± 6.22
 Yes633 (89.2)24.71 ± 9.0056.56 ± 10.7959.58 ± 13.1921.60 ± 3.5464.07 ± 15.5824.79 ± 5.12
T3.354**3.550**2.667*6.061**0.9337.474**
Monthly income (US dollars)
 <=381.8169 (23.8)22.32 ± 10.3154.53 ± 11.1060.94 ± 11.6520.33 ± 3.6163.61 ± 13.6823.73 ± 5.43
 318.9–797.0483 (68.0)24.73 ± 8.5256.45 ± 10.7059.15 ± 14.2622.46 ± 3.6664.18 ± 16.5725.93 ± 5.37
 > = 797.158 (8.2)26.52 ± 10.5457.11 ± 13.6464.98 ± 11.7621.69 ± 3.6067.07 ± 15.0024.74 ± 5.27
F6.195**2.1745.325**21.441**1.06410.815**
Medical payments types
 Insurance586 (82.5)24.04 ± 9.2555.84 ± 11.1261.54 ± 13.7322.06 ± 3.8365.35 ± 16.3225.70 ± 5.59
 Self-Pay124 (17.5)25.56 ± 8.9957.07 ± 10.8753.02 ± 10.2721.06 ± 3.2259.24 ± 11.9323.44 ± 4.27
T1.6771.1267.861**2.723**4.822**5.043**
  1. * p < 0.05. ** p < 0.01