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Table 1 Moral cognitions and sample associated affects, delusions, hallucinations and moral acts

From: Moral cognition, the missing link between psychotic symptoms and acts of violence: a cross-sectional national forensic cohort study

Moral cognitionPossible affect/ sentimentPotential delusions or hallucinations
[51]
Example moral actsInstrumental vs reactive violenceSample object of Violence
Care – HarmCompassion
Fear
Sadness
Shame/ Guilt
Anger
Grandiose delusions
Religious delusions
Delusions of guilt
*Nihilistic delusions
Mercy killings
Altruistic killings
Extended suicide
Filicide
Primarily instrumentalChildren, family members
Doctors facilitating abortion
Fairness – InjusticeAnger
Fear
Persecutory delusions
Delusions of Reference
*Mocking voices
Self-defence
Revenge violence
Spree killings
Manslaughter
Primarily reactiveAcquaintances
Agencies (e.g. police, schools, etc.)
Ingroup Loyalty – BetrayalShame
Anger
Delusions of jealousy
*Persecution by family
*Delusions of misidentification
Crimes of passion
Honour killings
Patricide
Matricide
Uxoricide
Primarily reactiveFamily members
Female partners
Authority – DefianceElation/ Happiness
Excitement
Anger
Delusions of control
Mind reading
Though insertion
Thought broadcasting
*Grandiose delusions
*Religious delusions
*Command hallucinations
Punishments
Stranger homicide
Primarily instrumentalSubversives
People of perceived lower status
Purity – DegradationDisgust
Anger
Somatic delusions
Visual, olfactory, and somatic hallucinations
*Critical voices
* Religious delusions
Honour killings
Punishments
Uxoricide
Stranger homicide
Primarily instrumentalPaedophiles
Hedonists
Anti-environmentalists