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Table 6 The mediating effect of moral cognition on delusions / hallucinations (X) and relevance for the violent act)

From: Moral cognition, the missing link between psychotic symptoms and acts of violence: a cross-sectional national forensic cohort study

n = 55  C1 direct effect of X (SAPS) on Y before mediation  C2 direct effect of X (SAPS) on Y after mediation  A: indirect effect of X (SAPS) on Y mediated via M (Expert rated morality)  B: direct effect of M (Expert Rated Morality) on Y adjusted for X (SAPS)  
R2pUnstandardized effect size or OR95% CIUnstandardized effect size95% CIUnstandardized effect size95% CIUnstandardized effect size95% CI
M is care-harm, X are delusions Y is whether the delusions or hallucinations were relevant to the violent act
 X = Delusions of guilt
Y = Relevance
.999.000.867.767.9679.900-1163.9281183.7303.1281.8546.6903.699-575.590582.988
 X = Religious delusions
Y = Relevance
.960.000.962.9081.016.952.8911.012.010-.0097.060.030-.048.108
 X = Grandiose
Y = Relevance
.949.000.839.762.915.835.755.914.004-.0212.048.015-.065.097
M is fairness-injustice, Y is whether the delusions or hallucinations were relevant to the violent act
 X = Persecutory delusions
Y = Relevance
.930.000.953.8461.062.917.8071.027.035-.001.139.125.010.239
 X = Somatic delusions
Y = Relevance
.934.000.870.779.961.874.777.971-.004-.022.003-.008-.067.051
 X = Delusions of mind reading
Y = Relevance
.897.000.634.548.720.635.546.724-.001-.023.010-.002-.056.050
 X = Somatic/tactile hallucinations
Y = Relevance
.745.000.404.302.505.392.288.469.011.000.039.034-.031.110
M is loyalty-betrayal, Y is whether the delusions or hallucinations were relevant to the violent act
 X = Persecutory delusions
Y = Relevance
.867.000.953.8441.062.915.8051.024.038.005.135.130.019.241
 X = Delusions of doubles
Y = Relevance
.919.000.911.8041.019.916.8061.026-.004-.038.005-.018-.105.067
M is authority, Y is whether delusions or hallucinations were relevant to the violent act
 X = Religious delusions
Y = Relevance
.980.000.962.9081.016.960.8931.027.002-.0338.055.004-.068.077
 X = Command hallucinations
Y = Relevance
.961.000.868.798.938.892.814.970-.023-.0813.007-.053-.132.026
M is sanctity -degradation, Y is whether delusions or hallucinations were relevant to the violent act.
 X = Auditory hallucinations
Y = Relevance
.898.000.863.783.943.857.773.940.006-.0088.035.020-.048.089
  1. Bold: confidence interval does not move from positive to negative