Skip to main content

Table 7 The mediating effect of moral cognition on homicide, seriousness of violence and reactive-instrumental violence

From: Moral cognition, the missing link between psychotic symptoms and acts of violence: a cross-sectional national forensic cohort study

n = 55Homicide C1 direct effect of X (SAPS) on Y before mediation  C2 direct effect of X (SAPS) on Y after mediation  A: indirect effect on X (SAPS) on Y mediated via M (Expert rated morality)  B: direct effect of M (Expert Rated Morality) on Y adjusted for X (SAPS)  
R2pUnstandardized effect size95% CIUnstandardized effect size95% CIUnstandardized effect size95% CIUnstandardized effect size95% CI
M is loyalty-betrayal, Y is homicide
 X = Persecutory delusions.320.000-.260-.534.013-.498-.860-.136.163.015.456.555.185.926
 X = Delusions involving doubles.215.007.438.0188.858.384-.042.811.070-.004.239.292.008.576
M is loyalty-betrayal, Y is seriousness of violence
 X = Persecutory delusions.140.019-.140-.395.113-.240-.493.012.099.013.265.339.083.595
 X = Delusions involving doubles.109.048.268-.054.592.212-.109.534.056-.001.185.235-.017.488
M is fairness-injustice, Y is Cornell’s instrumental-reactive aggression
 X = Persecutory delusions.259.000-.137-.282.008-.062-.199.074-.074-.172-.013-.263-.406-.121
 X = Somatic delusions.253.000-.075-.32.177.075-.157.308-.151-.255-.068-.297-.441-.153
 X = Delusions of mind reading.250.000-.043-.302.215.052-.179.284-.096-.268.063-.029-.429-.149
 X = Somatic/tactile hallucinations.251.000-.042-.289.205.055-.165.277-.098-.239.019-.290-.430-.150
M is loyalty-betrayal, Y is Cornell’s instrumental-reactive aggression
 X = Persecutory delusions.249.000-.137-.282.008-.063-.201.074-.073-.170-.015-.250-.389-.110
M is authority, Y is Cornell’s instrumental-reactive aggression
 X = Religious delusions.096.071.041-.098.180-.068-.234.097.109.105.243.205.024.386
 X = Command hallucinations.120.036.164.020.308.115-.045.276.048-.018.150.186-.054.272
  1. Bold: confidence interval does not move from positive to negative