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Table 2 cVEDA sample characterisation: Assessment domains, tools& protocols

From: Consortium on Vulnerability to Externalizing Disorders and Addictions (cVEDA): A developmental cohort study protocol

Assessment domainQuestionnaires6–11 years12–17 years18–23 yearsFollow-up
Socio-demographic informationSocio-demographic questionnaire [89]
Migration questionnaire [90]
Exposures questionnairesEnvironmental exposures questionnaire [91]
Adverse childhoodexperiences – International questionnaire [37] 
Children’s Revised Impact of Event Scale [92]
Short food questionnaire (modified Food Frequency Questionnaire) [93] 
Pregnancy History Instrument – Revised [94] 
Indian Family Violence and Control Scale [95] 
Mobile use questionnaire (Self-report) [96]  
Mobile use questionnaire (Parent-report) –from the SCAMP study (   
Life Events Questionnaire [97]   
Questions on urbanicity (devised to explore all places a participant has successively resided at) 
ParentingAlabama parenting questionnaire – Child & Parent [98, 99]  
Adolescent attachment questionnaire [100]   
Parental bonding instrument [101]   
TemperamentChildhoodbehavior questionnaire [102]   
Early adolescent temperament questionnaire [103]   
Adult temperament questionnaire [104]   
Big Five Personality inventory [105]   
Strengths & difficulties questionnaire – Parent [106] 
Strengths & difficulties questionnaire – Child [107]  
Strengths & difficulties questionnaire – Self-report [107]  
Psychiatric morbidityMINI-KID [108] 
MINI-5 [109]  
ASSIST-Plus [110,111,112,113]
ASRS – ADHD [114]   
Family historyFamily history questionnaire (clinical assessment for presence of medical and/or psychiatric disorders in first-degree relatives of the participant) 
Medical historyMedical problems questionnaire (clinical assessment for presence of medical disorders in the participant) 
PubertyPubertalDevelopmentScale [115]  
Neuropsychological assessmentPsychology Experiment Building Language (PEBL)[96]
 Digit span test – forward and reverse
 Corsi block test – forward and reverse
 Now or later test
 Trail making test
 Sort the cards
 Stop signal task [122]
Balloon analogue risk task [121]
Emotion recognition task
Social Cognition Rating Tool in the Indian Setting [116]
Mid arm circumference
Leg length
Head circumference
NeuroimagingStructural MRI
 T1-weighted, 3D magnetization prepared gradient echo sequence (MPRAGE) based on the ADNI protocol (
 T2 weighted fast- (turbo-) spin echo
 FLAIR scans
Diffusion MRI
 Single-shot spin-echo EPI sequence
  Single acquisition session
  Acquisition repeated with reversed blips
Resting state functional MRI
BOLD functional images acquired with a gradient- echoplanar imaging (EPI) sequence, using a relatively short echo-time to optimize reliable imaging of subcortical areas.
ToxicologyUrinary volatile organic compounds 
Solid phase extraction followed by High Performance Liquid Chromatography.
Urinary Arsenic
Flow injection system by Atomic
Absorption Spectrometer (PerkinElmer AA800, USA)
Plasma lead
Transversely-heated graphite furnace and Zeeman background correctionusing Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (PerkinElmer AA800, USA)