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Table 3 Exploratory analysis of validation of the 3D-CAM-CN assessment

From: Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the 3D-CAM Chinese version in surgical ICU patients

Reference standard by the DSM-5In the ICUIn the general ward
Role ARole BRole ARole B
Delirium
(yes)
Delirium
(no)
TotalDelirium
(yes)
Delirium
(no)
TotalDelirium (yes)Delirium
(no)
TotalDelirium
(yes)
Delirium
(no)
Total
Delirium (yes)19423194231511619423
Delirium (no)82332419232241123553679232241
Sensitivity82.6% (67.1–98.1%)82.6% (67.1–98.1%)93.8% (81.9–100%)87.5% (71.3–100%)
Specificity96.7% (94.4–98.9%)96.3% (93.9–98.7%)96.7% (94.9–98.5%)98.1% (96.7–99.5%)
Kappacoefficient0.8170.822
Pvalue< 0.001< 0.001
Reference standard by the DSM-5In patients with normal cognitionIn patients with cognitive impairment
Role ARole BRole ARole B
Delirium (yes)Delirium (no)TotalDelirium (yes)Delirium (no)TotalDelirium (yes)Delirium (no)TotalDelirium (yes)Delirium (no)Total
Delirium (yes)2843226632617707
Delirium (no)144564701145947061321385133138
Sensitivity87.5% (76.0–99.0%)81.3% (67.7–94.8%)85.7% (59.8–100%)100% (100–100%)
Specificity97.0% (95.5–98.6%)97.7% (96.3–99.0%)95.7% (92.2–99.1%)96.4% (93.3–99.5%)
Kappacoefficient0.8490.727
Pvalue< 0.001< 0.001
  1. Results are presented as number and estimate (95% confidence interval)