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Table 4 Changes of outcome scores during the 30-days observation period in active and in wait-list group

From: Sleep quality improves during treatment with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in patients with cocaine use disorder: a retrospective observational study

 Active group (n = 10) §Wait-list group (n = 10)
Day 0Day 30Day − 30Day 0
PSQIa9.00 (4.85)3.3 (1.56)6.4 (3.33)6.9 (3.54)
Change from first assessment −5.7 (1.57) * 0.5 (1.57)
CCQb18.8 (9.25)1.00 (2.82)24.8 (13.79)21.9 (12.93)
Change from first assessment −17.8 (4.74) * −2.9 (4.74)
BDI-IIc18.7 (8.17)2.7 (2.31)15.6 (7.48)14.1 (7.35)
Change from first assessment −16 (3.01) * −1.5 (3.01)
SASd47.62 (9.04)32.62 (6.54)45.12 (8.21)43.00 (8.94)
Change from first assessment −15 (3.68) * −2.12 (3.68)
GSIe68.13 (17.90)42.08 (7.31)61.95 (9.70)57.85 (11.74)
Change from first assessment −26.05 (5.50) * −4.1 (5.50)
  1. Data are presented as Mean (SD);
  2. * p value <.001; § A small sample of equal numerosity and clinical characteristics of wait-list randomly selected from the 87 patients recruited for the study
  3. a Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Inventory – general sleep quality index; b Cocaine Craving Questionnaire; c Beck Depression Inventory – II; d Self-rating Anxiety Scale;
  4. e Global Severity Index from Symptoms Checklist – 90 – Revised