Skip to main content

Table 1 Association between physical exercise and psychological distress (HSCL-25) in male and female university and college students in the SHoT study, Norway, 2018

From: Physical exercise, mental health problems, and suicide attempts in university students

  Psychological distress (HSCL average score > 1.75)
   Unadjusted model Adjusted modela
n % OR 95%CI- 95%CI+ OR 95%CI- 95%CI+
Women
Physical exercise frequency
Never 864 66.6% 2.96 2.61 3.35 2.63 2.29 3.03
Less than once a week 2438 60.1% 2.24 2.07 2.42 2.04 1.88 2.23
Once a week 3012 53.0% 1.67 1.56 1.79 1.64 1.52 1.77
2–3 times per week 7022 44.9% 1.21 1.14 1.28 1.18 1.11 1.26
Almost every day 3077 40.3% 1.00 1.00
Physical exercise intensity
I take it easy without breaking into a sweat or losing my breath 3539 56.8% 1.46 1.33 1.60 1.57 1.42 1.73
I push myself so hard that I lose my breath and break into a sweat 10,608 44.5% 0.89 0.82 0.96 0.93 0.85 1.01
I push myself to near-exhaustion 1332 47.4% 1.00 1.00
Physical exercise duration
Less than 15 min 324 61.7% 1.96 1.64 2.35 2.07 1.69 2.53
15–29 min 1875 56.8% 1.60 1.48 1.73 1.71 1.56 1.86
30 min to 1 h 8634 46.0% 1.04 0.99 1.09 1.10 1.04 1.16
More than 1 h 4657 45.1% 1.00 1.00
Men
Physical exercise frequency
Never 404 45.8% 3.53 3.03 4.11 3.12 2.64 3.69
Less than once a week 811 38.5% 2.62 2.33 2.95 2.45 2.15 2.78
Once a week 615 28.4% 1.66 1.47 1.87 1.64 1.44 1.87
2–3 times per week 1444 23.9% 1.31 1.19 1.45 1.30 1.17 1.44
Almost every day 784 19.3% 1.00 1.00
Physical exercise intensity
I take it easy without breaking into a sweat or losing my breath 730 35.0% 1.63 1.43 1.85 1.70 1.48 1.96
I push myself so hard that I lose my breath and break into a sweat 2309 23.5% 0.93 0.84 1.03 0.99 0.89 1.11
I push myself to near-exhaustion 603 24.8% 1.00 1.00
Physical exercise duration
Less than 15 min 118 41.4% 2.53 1.98 3.22 2.46 1.88 3.23
15–29 min 406 32.3% 1.70 1.49 1.94 1.85 1.60 2.13
30 min to 1 h 1599 27.2% 1.34 1.23 1.45 1.35 1.23 1.47
More than 1 h 1513 21.9% 1.00 1.00
  1. a Adjusted for sociodemographics, body-mass index, alcohol use and problems and sleep duration