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Table 1 Association between physical exercise and psychological distress (HSCL-25) in male and female university and college students in the SHoT study, Norway, 2018

From: Physical exercise, mental health problems, and suicide attempts in university students

 Psychological distress (HSCL average score > 1.75)
  Unadjusted modelAdjusted modela
n%OR95%CI-95%CI+OR95%CI-95%CI+
Women
Physical exercise frequency
Never86466.6%2.962.613.352.632.293.03
Less than once a week243860.1%2.242.072.422.041.882.23
Once a week301253.0%1.671.561.791.641.521.77
2–3 times per week702244.9%1.211.141.281.181.111.26
Almost every day307740.3%1.001.00
Physical exercise intensity
I take it easy without breaking into a sweat or losing my breath353956.8%1.461.331.601.571.421.73
I push myself so hard that I lose my breath and break into a sweat10,60844.5%0.890.820.960.930.851.01
I push myself to near-exhaustion133247.4%1.001.00
Physical exercise duration
Less than 15 min32461.7%1.961.642.352.071.692.53
15–29 min187556.8%1.601.481.731.711.561.86
30 min to 1 h863446.0%1.040.991.091.101.041.16
More than 1 h465745.1%1.001.00
Men
Physical exercise frequency
Never40445.8%3.533.034.113.122.643.69
Less than once a week81138.5%2.622.332.952.452.152.78
Once a week61528.4%1.661.471.871.641.441.87
2–3 times per week144423.9%1.311.191.451.301.171.44
Almost every day78419.3%1.001.00
Physical exercise intensity
I take it easy without breaking into a sweat or losing my breath73035.0%1.631.431.851.701.481.96
I push myself so hard that I lose my breath and break into a sweat230923.5%0.930.841.030.990.891.11
I push myself to near-exhaustion60324.8%1.001.00
Physical exercise duration
Less than 15 min11841.4%2.531.983.222.461.883.23
15–29 min40632.3%1.701.491.941.851.602.13
30 min to 1 h159927.2%1.341.231.451.351.231.47
More than 1 h151321.9%1.001.00
  1. a Adjusted for sociodemographics, body-mass index, alcohol use and problems and sleep duration