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Table 1 Sociodemographic and symptom related characteristics of the total sample and the four subsamples

From: Attitudes towards psychopharmacology and psychotherapy in psychiatric patients with and without migration background

VariableTotal sample n = 381 n (%) /M ± SDSample without migration background n = 194 n (%) /M ± SDSample with Turkish migration background n = 111 n (%) /M ± SDSample with East European migration background n = 39 n (%) /M ± SDSample with MENAP migration background n = 37 n (%) /M ± SDp-value
Gender
 female224 (58.8)100 (51.6)85 (76.6)21 (53.9)18 (48.6)< .001*
 male157 (41.2)94 (48.5)26 (23.4)18 (46.2)19 (51.4) 
Age43.9 (12.5)44.3 (13.4)45.3 (10.9)43.2 (13.2)38.2 (10.5).061
School education     .009*
 high217 (57.0)126 (66.0)48 (43.2)25 (64.1)18 (48.6) 
 low138 (36.2)60 (30.9)52 (46.8)12 (30.8)14 (37.8) 
 not indicated26 (6.8)8 (4.1)11 (9.9)2 (5.1)5 (13.5) 
Country of birth
 Germany223 (58.5)193 (99.5)19 (17.1)7 (17.9)4 (10.8) 
 Other country158 (41.5)1 (USA)92 (Turkey)30 (82.1) (3 Bulgaria, 1 Czech Republic, 1 Hungary, 1 Kosovo, 1 Latvia, 10 Poland, 1 Rumania, 8 Russia, 4 Serbia, 1 Ukraine, 1 former Yugoslavia)33 (89.2) (4 Iraq, 2 Iran, 1 Israel, 6 Lebanon, 2 Morocco, 1 Pakistan, 16 Syria, 1 Tunisia) 
Religious affiliation     < .001*
Yes230 (60.4)76 (39.2)97 (87.4)25 (64.1)  
No122 (32.0)94 (48.5)11 (9.9)13 (33.3)  
Not indicated29 (7.6)24 (12.4)3 (2.7)1 (2.6)  
Medication intake     .597
 Yes328 (86.1)160 (82.5)98 (88.3)35 (89.7)35 (34.6) 
 No53(13.9)34 (17.5)13 (11.7)4 (10.3)2 (5.4) 
 Number of medications1.5 (0.7)1.3 (1.0)1.5 (0.9)1.7 (1.1)1.5(0.7).014*
Type of medication     .003*
 Antidepressant269(70.6)109 (56.2)98 (88.3)31 (79.5)31 (83.8) 
 Neuroleptic207 (54.3)111 (57.2)50 (45.0)22 (56.4)24 (64.9) 
 Tranquillizer23 (6.9)13 (6.7)5 (4.5)4 (10.3)1 (2.7) 
 Mood stabilizer37 (7.1)20 (10.3)8 (7.2)9 (23.1)0 (0.0) 
 Antidementiva0(0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0) 
 Pain Medication12 (4.3)2 (1.0)8 (7.2)2 (5.1)0 (0.0) 
 Internal medication56 (14.7)35 (18.0)15 (13.5)3 (7.7)3 (8.1) 
 Substitution/ addiction treatment medication1 (0.3)1 (0.5)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0) 
 Other12 (3.1)5 (2.6)5 (4.5)0 (0.0)2 (5.4) 
Inpatient stays (psychiatry)     .005*
 never132 (34.6)49 (25.3)55 (49.5)7 (17.9)21 (56.7) 
 seldom144 (37.8)76 (39.2)38 (34.2)20 (51.3)10 (27.0) 
 often92 (24.1)63 (31.5)14 (12.6)10 (25.6)5 (13.5) 
 not indicated13 (3.4)6 (3.1)4 (3.6)2 (5.1)1 (2.7) 
Symptom severity
 SCL Somatization2.4 (1.2)2.0 (1.0)3.1 (1.3)2.4 (1.2)2.6 (1.0)< .001*
 SCL Depression2.8(1.1)2.6 (1.0)3.0 (1.1)3.2 (1.2)3.0 (1.0).184
 SCL Anxiety2.0 (1.0)1.7 (0.9)2.3 (1.1)1.9 (1.1)2.5 (1.2)< .001*
Diagnosis (ICD-10)
 F08 (2.1)7 (3.6)1 (0.9)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)< .001*
 F185 (30.2)65 (33.5)9 (8.1)5 (12.8)6 (16.2) 
 F286 (30.6)51 (26.3)18 (16.2)9 (23.1)8 (21.6) 
 F3164 (43.0)79 (40.7)49 (44.1)15 (38.5)21 (56.8) 
 F4141 (37.0)50 (25.8)61 (55.0)15 (38.5)15 (40.5) 
 F57 (1.8)3 (1.5)2 (1.8)2 (5.1)0 (0.0) 
 F661 (16.0)46 (23.7)7 (6.3)8 (20.5)0 (0.0) 
 F77 (1.8)7 (3.6)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0) 
 F80(0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0) 
 F92 (0.51 (0.5)1 (0.9)0 (0.0)0 (0.0) 
  1. Note. Low level of school education was defined as 0–9 years of school, a high level of school education as 10–13 years of school education (following Petrowski und Kollegen, 2014). Regarding the classification of inpatient stays, 1–2 inpatient stays were catigorized as seldom and more than 2 as often. MENA = Middle East and North Africa region, SCL = Symptom-Check-List, n = sample size, M = arithmetic mean, SD = standard deviation. Note. The number of diagnosis does not correspond with the sample size as some patients have multiple diagnosis. The diagnosis have been classified according to the International Classification of Diseases 10 (Graubner, 2014). F0 = Organic, including symptomatic, mental disorders, F1 = Mental and behavioural disorders due to use of psychoactive substances, F2 = Schizophrenia, schizotypal and delusional disorders, F3 = Mood/ affective disorders, F4 = Neurotic, stress-related and somatoform disorders, F5 = Behavioural syndromes associated with physiological disturbances and physical factors, F6 = Disorders of personality and behaviour in adult persons, F7 = Mental retardation, F8 = Disorders of psychological development, F9 = Behavioural and emotional disorders with onset usually occurring in childhood and adolescence
  2. * p < .05