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Table 2 Assessment measures, domains and subjects receiving the assessment

From: DAily time use, Physical Activity, quality of care and interpersonal relationships in patients with Schizophrenia spectrum disorders (DiAPASon): an Italian multicentre study

Instrument/Reference (original and Italian validation) Domain Study group
Residential patients Outpatients Healthy controls Staff
Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) (Cockrell & Folstein, 2002 [53]; Measso et al., 1993 [54]) Cognitive functioning X X X  
Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) (Overall and Gorham, 1962 [55]; Morosini et al., 1995 [56]) Psychiatric functioning X X   
Brief Negative Symptom Scale (BNSS) (Strauss et al. 2012 [57]; Mucci et al., 2015 [58]) Negative symptoms X X   
Specific Levels of Functioning Scale (SLOF) (Schneider et al., 1983 [59]; Mucci et al. 2014 [60]) Current functioning and behaviour X X   
World Health Organization Quality of Life Brief version (WHOQOL-Bref) (Whoqol Group, 1998 [61]; de Girolamo et al., 2000 [62]) Quality of life X X   
World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) (Gold, 2014 [63]; Federici et al., 2009 [64]) Psychosocial functioning X X   
Zimbardo Time Perspective (ZTPI-short form) (Zimbardo & Boyd, 2015 [65]; Laghi et al., 2009 [66]) Attitude towards time X X X  
Positivity Scale (P Scale) (Caprara et al., 2012 [67]) Positivity assessment X X   
Time Use Survey (TUS) (see HETUS, 2019 [68]) Use of daily time X X X  
Verona Service Satisfaction Scale (VSSS) (Ruggeri et al., 1993 [69]) Satisfaction with services X    
Working Alliance Inventory Short Patient and Therapist versions (WAI-PT and WAI-TP) (Hatcher & Gillaspy, 2006 [70]; Lo Coco et al., 2011 [71]) Patients’ and staff relationships X    X
Camberwell Assessment of Need Patient and Staff versions (CAN) (Phelan, 1995 [72]; Ruggeri et al., 1999 [73]) Health and social needs X    X
Ward Atmosphere Scale (WAS) (Moos & Houts, 1968 [74]; Burti et al., 1990 [75]) Individual perception of the ward atmosphere X    X
General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) (Goldberg, 1970 [76]; Fontanesi et al., 1985 [77]) General health evaluation     X
Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) (Maslach, 1981 [78]; Sirigatti et al., 1988 [79]) Level of Burnout     X
Quality Indicator for Rehabilitative Care (QuIRC-SA) (Killaspy, 2016 [80]) Quality of the rehabilitative service     X (RF’s manager)
Smartphone app Use of daily time X X X  
Smartphone app Perceived energy X X X  
Smartphone app Mood X X X  
Actigraphy Physical activity X X X