Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographics as a predictor of psychological distress following disaster relief work

From: The usefulness of pre-employment and pre-deployment psychological screening for disaster relief workers: a systematic review

DisorderPapers reporting significant association with disorder / papers reporting non-significant association with disorder
PTSDAge [7, 21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35] / [8, 36,37,38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49,50,51,52,53,54]
Gender [23, 25, 28,29,30, 35, 37, 43, 53,54,55] / [8, 21, 22, 31, 33, 36, 38,39,40,41,42, 46, 48,49,50, 52, 56, 57]
Ethnicity [22, 25, 28,29,30] / [23, 31, 36, 44, 49, 51, 54, 57]
Education [22, 25, 28,29,30,31] / [8, 33, 34, 39, 40, 42, 44, 49, 51,52,53,54, 58]
Marital status [22, 24, 27,28,29,30, 42, 51] / [7, 8, 26, 33, 34, 36, 38,39,40, 43, 44, 47, 53, 57]
Income [28, 30] / [23, 29, 33, 49]
Social class / [32]
Religious group / [54]
AnxietyAge [48, 54] / [21, 22, 47, 51]
Gender [22, 54] / [21, 48]
Ethnicity [22] / [51, 54]
Education [22] / [51, 54]
Marital status [22] / [47, 51]
Religious group / [54]
DepressionAge [22, 54, 59] / [21, 39, 42, 43, 47, 48, 50,51,52]
Gender [22, 48, 54] / [21, 39, 42, 43, 50, 52, 59]
Ethnicity [22, 59] / [51, 54]
Education [22, 52] / [39, 42, 51, 54, 59]
Marital status [22, 42, 47] / [39, 43, 51, 59]
Religious group / [54]
Psychological distress / morbidityAge [7, 26, 41, 60] / [23, 24, 49, 61,62,63]
Gender [23] / [41, 49, 55, 61, 63]
Ethnicity / [23, 49, 63]
Education / [49, 58, 63]
Marital status [7] / [24, 26, 61]
Income / [23, 49]
Social class / [62]
Somatic symptomsAge / [21, 47, 51, 54]
Gender [54] / [21]
Ethnicity [51] / [54]
Education / [51, 54]
Marital status [47] / [51, 54]
Religious group / [54]
BurnoutAge [21] / [36, 49, 54]
Gender [21, 54] / [36, 49, 55, 57]
Ethnicity / [36, 49, 54, 57]
Education / [49, 54]
Marital status [36, 57]
Income / [49]
Religious group / [54]
StressAge [42] / [46, 59]
Gender / [42, 46, 59]
Ethnicity / [59]
Education / [42, 59]
Marital status [42] / [59]
Peritraumatic dissociationAge [64] / [38, 39, 59]
Gender / [38, 39, 56, 59]
Ethnicity / [59]
Education / [39, 59]
Marital status / [38, 39, 59]
FatigueAge [63]
Gender [63]
Ethnicity / [63]
Education / [63]
Quality of lifeAge / [63]
Gender / [63]
Ethnicity / [63]
Education / [63]
HostilityAge / [51, 52]
Gender / [52]
Ethnicity / [51]
Education / [51, 52]
Marital status / [51]
Alcohol disorderAge / [43]
Gender / [43]
Marital status / [43]
ResilienceAge / [49]
Gender / [49]
Ethnicity / [49]
Education / [49]
Income / [49]