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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants by mental health disorders (n = 130,078)

From: Decomposing socioeconomic inequality in poor mental health among Iranian adult population: results from the PERSIAN cohort study

 All participantsPoor mental healthGood mental health
N (%)N (%)N (%)
Age groups
 35–4027,094 (20.83)1094 (4.04)26,000 (95.96)
 40–4524,195 (18.60)1189 (4.91)23,006 (95.09)
 45–5022,489 (17.29)1468 (6.53)21,021 (93.47)
 50–5520,160 (15.50)1601 (7.94)18,559 (92.06)
 55–6017,442 (13.41)1431 (8.20)16,011 (91.80)
 60–6512,154 (9.34)984 (8.10)11,170 (91.90)
 65 >6544 (5.03)581 (8.88)5963 (91.12)
Gender
 Male58,251 (44.78)2499 (4.29)55,752 (95.71)
 Female71,827 (55.22)5849 (8.14)65,978 (91.86)
Marital status
 Single2953 (2.27)176 (5.96)2777 (94.04)
 Married118,290 (90.94)7239 (6.12)111,051 (93.88)
 Divorced1447 (1.11)125 (8.64)1322 (91.36)
 widowed7305 (5.62)802 (10.98)6503 (89.02)
 other83 (0.06)6 (7.23)77 (92.77)
Water-pipe use
 No114,594 (88.92)7395 (6.45)107,199 (93.55)
 Yes14,284 (11.08)949 (6.47)13,335 (93.53)
Alcohol Use
 No117,225 (90.96)7737 (6.60)109,488 (93.40)
 Yes11,652 (9.04)606 (5.20)11.046 (94.80)
Drug use
 No113,514 (88.08)7143 (6.29)106,371 (93.71)
 Yes15.363 (11.92)1201 (7.82)14,162 (92.18)
Smoking status
 Non-smoker91,174 (77.81)6636 (7.28)84,538 (92.72)
 Ex-smoker9166 (7.82)589 (6.43)8577 (93.57)
 Smoker16,831 (14.36)1112 (6.61)15,719 (93.39)
Physical activity (Daily METs)
  Inactive (24–36.5)44,075 (33.89)3673 (8.33)40,402 (91.67)
 Middle (36.6–44.9)60,585 (46.59)3.699 (6.11)56,886 (93.89)
 Active (≥45)25,388 (19.52)975 (3.84)24,413 (96.16)
BMI
 Underweight2558 (1.98)155 (6.06)2403 (93.94)
 Normal34,808 (26.90)1933 (5.55)32,875 (94.45)
 Overweight52,731 (40.76)3291 (6.24)49,440 (93.76)
 Obese39,279 (30.36)2938 (7.48)36,341 (92.52)
Socioeconomic status
 1st SES quintile (Poorest)26,095 (20.06)1813 (6.95)24,282 (93.05)
 2nd SES quintile26,035 (20.01)1777 (6.83)24,258 (93.17)
 3rd SES quintile26,007 (19.99)1766 (6.79)24,241 (93.21)
 4th SES quintile25,940 (19.94)1566 (6.04)24,374 (93.96)
 5th SES quintile (Richest)26,001 (19.99)1426 (5.48)24,575 (94.52)
Region of cohort (province)
 Fars (FA)22,767 (17.50)1471 (6.46)21,296 (93.54)
 Kermanshah (KSH)10,036 (7.72)257 (2.56)9779 (97.44)
 Guilan (GU)10,433 (8.02)903 (8.66)9530 (91.34)
 East Azerbaijan (EA)14,775 (11.36)1072 (7.26)13,703 (92.74)
 Mazandaran (MA)10,103 (7.77)964 (9.54)9139 (90.46)
 Sistan and Balouchestan (SB)8199 (6.30)965 (11.77)7234 (88.23)
 Yazd (YA)9723 (7.47)577 (5.93)9146 (94.07)
 Kerman (KE)9788 (7.52)857 (8.76)8931 (91.24)
 Khuzestan (KH)9139 (7.03)148 (1.62)8991 (98.38)
 Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari (CB)6730 (5.17)450 (6.69)6280 (93.31)
 Hormozgan (HO)3557 (2.73)110 (3.09)3447 (96.91)
 West Azerbaijan (WA)3660 (2.81)157 (4.29)3503 (95.71)
 Ardabil (AR)8214 (6.31)372 (4.53)7842 (95.47)
 Razavi Khorasan (RK)2954 (2.27)45 (1.52)2909 (98.48)