Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline socio-demographic, crash and injury-related characteristics of study participants (N = 2019)

From: Outcomes after traffic injury: mental health comorbidity and relationship with pain interference

VariablesMean (SD), range or N (%)
Age in years41.1 (16.5), 17–92
Sex
 Male1305 (64.6)
 Female714 (35.4)
Country of birth
 Australia1434 (71.0)
 United Kingdom127 (6.3)
 New Zealand58 (2.9)
 Other400 (19.8)
Highest educational level
 University or tertiary education789 (39.1)
 Technical or other further education488 (24.2)
 Secondary614 (30.4)
 Primary or pre-primary126 (6.3)
Paid work or self-employment at time of injury
 Yes1533 (75.9)
 No486 (24.1)
Pre-injury EQ. 5D summary score0.93 (0.14) -0.18-1
Pre-injury co-morbidities
 Yes1140 (56.5)
 No878 (43.5)
Pre-injury health rating
 Excellent779 (38.6)
 Very good740 (36.7)
 Good372 (18.4)
 Fair111 (5.5)
 Poor17 (0.8)
Road user role in crash
 Driver723 (35.9)
 Passenger204 (10.1)
 Motorbike driver622 (30.8)
 Pillion passenger6 (0.3)
 Bicyclist299 (14.8)
 Pedestrian139 (6.9)
 Skateboarder24 (1.2)
Areas with injuries
 Head or face603 (29.9)
 Neck667 (33.0)
 Spine or back777 (38.5)
 Torso901 (44.6)
 Upper extremity1367 (67.7)
 Lower extremity1157 (57.3)
Perceived danger of death in crash
 Overwhelming207 (10.5)
 Great313 (15.8)
 Moderate391 (19.8)
 Small389 (19.7)
 None680 (34.3)
Self-reported time spent in hospital
 Did not attend58 (2.9)
  < 12 h935 (46.3)
  > 12 h – 24 h311 (15.4)
 2–6 days507 (25.1)
 7 days or more207 (10.3)
Any pain since injury
 Yes1755 (86.9)
 No264 (13.1)
Baseline average pain intensity rating (in those with pain)4.9 (2.3) 0–10
  1. Note: These demographic/ injury data have been presented in prior publications