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Table 1 Baseline socio-demographic, crash and injury-related characteristics of study participants (N = 2019)

From: Outcomes after traffic injury: mental health comorbidity and relationship with pain interference

Variables Mean (SD), range or N (%)
Age in years 41.1 (16.5), 17–92
Sex
 Male 1305 (64.6)
 Female 714 (35.4)
Country of birth
 Australia 1434 (71.0)
 United Kingdom 127 (6.3)
 New Zealand 58 (2.9)
 Other 400 (19.8)
Highest educational level
 University or tertiary education 789 (39.1)
 Technical or other further education 488 (24.2)
 Secondary 614 (30.4)
 Primary or pre-primary 126 (6.3)
Paid work or self-employment at time of injury
 Yes 1533 (75.9)
 No 486 (24.1)
Pre-injury EQ. 5D summary score 0.93 (0.14) -0.18-1
Pre-injury co-morbidities
 Yes 1140 (56.5)
 No 878 (43.5)
Pre-injury health rating
 Excellent 779 (38.6)
 Very good 740 (36.7)
 Good 372 (18.4)
 Fair 111 (5.5)
 Poor 17 (0.8)
Road user role in crash
 Driver 723 (35.9)
 Passenger 204 (10.1)
 Motorbike driver 622 (30.8)
 Pillion passenger 6 (0.3)
 Bicyclist 299 (14.8)
 Pedestrian 139 (6.9)
 Skateboarder 24 (1.2)
Areas with injuries
 Head or face 603 (29.9)
 Neck 667 (33.0)
 Spine or back 777 (38.5)
 Torso 901 (44.6)
 Upper extremity 1367 (67.7)
 Lower extremity 1157 (57.3)
Perceived danger of death in crash
 Overwhelming 207 (10.5)
 Great 313 (15.8)
 Moderate 391 (19.8)
 Small 389 (19.7)
 None 680 (34.3)
Self-reported time spent in hospital
 Did not attend 58 (2.9)
  < 12 h 935 (46.3)
  > 12 h – 24 h 311 (15.4)
 2–6 days 507 (25.1)
 7 days or more 207 (10.3)
Any pain since injury
 Yes 1755 (86.9)
 No 264 (13.1)
Baseline average pain intensity rating (in those with pain) 4.9 (2.3) 0–10
  1. Note: These demographic/ injury data have been presented in prior publications