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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the study sample

From: Mental distress, perceived need, and barriers to receive professional mental health care among university students in Ethiopia

VariablesTotal Sample (n) % N (980)Screened positive for mental distress (n) % N (339)Participants with mental distress who have not received formal Mental Care % N (239)
Sex
 Male593 (60.5)176 (51.9)127 (53.1)
 Female387 (39.5)163 (48.1)112 (46.9)
Age
 Mean21.5321.2121.22
 SD2.421.951.82
 Minimum171818
 Maximum383028
Religion
 Christian Orthodox543 (55.4)241 (71.1)164 (68.6)
 Christian Protestant330 (33.7)50 (17.7)46 (19.2)
 Islam80 (8.2)30 (8.8)22 (9.2)
 Christian Catholic8 (0.8)2 (0.6)2 (0.8)
 No religion8 (0.8)4 (1.2)3 (1.3)
 Others11 (1.1)2 (0.6)2 (0.8)
Ethnicity
 Amhara339 (34.6)164 (48.4)110 (46.0)
 Oromo155 (15.8)58 (17.1)41 (17.2)
 Wolaita205 (20.9)44 (13)35 (14.6)
 Gurage80 (8.2)24 (7.1)15 (6.3)
 Tigre24 (2.4)11 (3.2)8 (3.3)
 Sidama58 (5.9)9 (2.7)7 (2.9)
 Hadiya32 (3.3)8 (2.4)6 (2.5)
 Gamogofa30 (3.1)8 (2.4)6 (2.5)
 Others57 (5.7)13 (3.9)11 (4.6)
Marital status
 Single811 (82.8)268 (79.1)194 (81.2)
 In a relation114 (11.6)50 (14.7)31 (13.0)
 Married but not living together35 (3.6)11 (3.2)9 (3.8)
 Divorced14 (1.4)7 (2.1)3 (1.3)
 Married and living together6 (0.6)3 (0.9)2 (0.2)
Residence
 In Campus934 (95.3)320 (94.4)223 (93.3)
 Off Campus20 (2)8 (2.4)7 (2.9)
 Both26 (2.7)11 (3.2)9 (3.8)
Area of growing
 Urban536 (54.7)176 (51.9)127 (53.1)
 Rural444 (45.3)163 (48.1)112 (46.9)
Level of study year
 First-year271 (27.7)117 (34.5)81 (33.9)
 Second-year261 (26.6)85 (25.1)58 (24.3)
 Third-year254 (25.9)84 (24.867 (28.0)
 Fourth-year96 (9.8)28 (8.3)18 (7.5)
 Fifth-year98 (10.0)25 (7.4)15 (6.3)
Family history of mental illness
 Yes67 (6.8)34 (10.0)22 (9.2)
 No913 (93.2)305 (90.0)217 (90.8)
Substance use
 Yes58 (5.9)39 (11.5)31 (13.0)
 No922 (94.1)300 (88.5)208 (87)