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Table 1 Profile description of 382 patients accessing JMHSS service (total 551 episodes) between 1 July 2014 and 30 June 2016

From: Step-up, step-down mental health care service: evidence from Western Australia’s first – a mixed-method cohort study

Characteristics Frequency %
Demographic factors
 Age (in years) $ Mean 37.5 SD 12.3
 Gender
  Male 148 38.7
  Female 233 61.0
Not known 1 0.3
 Indigenous status
  Yes 10 2.6
  No 313 81.9
Missing 59 15.4
 Social economic disadvantage
  More disadvantaged 81 21.2
  Less disadvantaged 298 78.0
Not known 3 0.8
 Country of birth
  Australia 214 56.0
  United Kingdom / New Zealand 48 12.6
  Other European countries 4 1.0
  Other countries 10 2.6
Missing 106 27.7
 Living arrangement
  Lives alone 53 13.9
  Lives with family 180 47.1
  Lives with others 36 9.4
Not stated / Missing 113 29.6
 Has dependent child
  Yes, lives with consumer 38 9.9
  Yes, lives elsewhere 43 11.3
  No 190 49.7
  Not stated / Missing 111 29.1
 Employment
  Not in the labour force 243 63.6
  Unemployed 6 1.6
  Employed 27 7.1
Not stated / Missing 106 27.7
Systemic factor
 Referral type
  Step Up 224 58.6
  Step Down 142 37.2
Missing 16 4.2
Clinical factors
 # episodes
  1 279 73.0
  2 65 17.0
  3 21 5.5
  4 or more (up to 7) 17 4.5
 Length of stay (in days) $ § Mean 24.8 SD 9.1
 (based on episode, not patient)   
 Primary diagnosis
  Schizophrenia 51 13.4
  Schizo-affective disorder 17 4.5
  Bipolar disorder 51 13.4
  Personality disorder 67 17.5
  Depression 130 34.0
  Anxiety 17 4.5
  Post-natal depression 1 0.3
  Eating disorder 2 0.5
  Other psychiatric disorder 22 5.8
  Not known/ Missing 24 6.3
  1. Unless otherwise stated (see §), statistics are presented for unique patients and reflect the most recent episode if the patient has multiple episodes during the reporting period. § indicates data based on episodes, not unique patients
  2. $ indicates continuous characteristics, hence mean and standard deviation are reported (instead of frequency and % being reported for categorical characteristics)