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Table 1 Socio-demographic, social and clinical characteristics of the participants

From: Depression, anxiety, and associated factors in patients with diabetes: evidence from the anxiety, depression, and personality traits in diabetes mellitus (ADAPT-DM) study

VariablesN%
Age (N = 300)63a16b
Gender
 Male15852.7
 Female14147.0
 Missing10.3
Ethnicity
 Malay19565.0
 Chinese5418.0
 Indian4414.7
 Others72.3
Marital status
 Married23377.7
 Single248.0
 Divorced/widowed4314.3
Education
 None72.3
 Primary3812.7
 Secondary13344.3
 Tertiary11939.7
 Missing31.0
Employment
 Employed8026.7
 Unemployed9431.3
 Retired12341.0
 Missing31.0
Household income
  < RM3,00016655.3
 RM3,000–60005719.0
  > RM6,0006120.3
 Missing165.3
Religion
 Islam19966.3
 Buddhism3712.3
 Hindusim3511.7
 Christianity237.7
 Others41.3
 Missing20.7
Regular religious practice
 Disagree196.3
 Neutral4314.4
 Agree23779.0
 Missing10.3
Smoking
 Never21672.0
 Ex-smoker6421.3
 Current smoker206.7
Alcohol use
 Yes268.7
 No27190.3
 Missing31.0
Recreational drug use
 Yes51.7
 No29498.0
 Missing10.3
Perceived social support
 Very poor20.7
 Poor82.7
 Neutral4816.0
 Good16555.0
 Very good7625.3
 Missing10.3
Diabetes type
 Type 1227.3
 Type 226989.7
 Gestational62.0
 Missing31.0
 Duration of DM (years) (N = 229)14a12b
Insulin therapy
 Yes13846.0
 No11438.0
 Missing4816.0
 HbA1c (%) (N = 268)7.6a2.7b
Diabetic control
 Good9230.7
 Poor20869.3
“I am able to manage my diabetes well”
 Disagree155.0
 Neutral7023.4
 Agree21471.3
 Missing10.3
Obesity
 BMI < 256521.7
 BMI 25–3014749.0
 BMI > 307826.0
 Missing103.3
Hypertension
 Yes22274.0
 No7826.0
Dyslipidaemia
 Yes15250.7
 No14849.3
Ischaemic heart disease
 Yes8227.3
 No21872.7
Stroke
 Yes279.0
 No27391.0
Renal disease
 Yes5317.7
 No24782.3
Anxiety (GAD-7)
 Yes279.0
 No27391.0
Depression (BDI)
 No/minimal24080.0
 Mild to moderate4113.7
 Moderate to severe175.7
 Severe20.7
WHOQOL-BREF
 Overall perception of QOL
  Very poor31.0
  Poor51.7
  Neither poor nor good8929.7
  Good16254.0
  Very good4113.7
 Overall perception of health
  Very dissatisfied10.3
  Dissatisfied3712.3
  Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied13143.7
  Satisfied12140.3
  Very satisfied103.3
 WHOQOL-BREF domains (N = 300)
  Physical health63.00a19.00b
  Psychological69.00a13.53b
  Social relationships75.00a19.00b
  Environment69.00a12.00b
 BFI subscales (N = 300)
  Extraversion3.38a0.75b
  Agreeableness3.78a0.43b
  Conscienciousness3.67a0.60b
  Neuroticism2.50a0.73b
  Openness3.30a0.60b
  1. a = Median; b = Interquartile range (IQR)