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Table 4 Stepwise multiple logistic regression model between various factors and anxiety among participants

From: Depression, anxiety, and associated factors in patients with diabetes: evidence from the anxiety, depression, and personality traits in diabetes mellitus (ADAPT-DM) study

VariablesAdjusted ORa (95% CI)p-value
 No depression1 
 Depression9.89 (2.63–37.14)0.001*
 Psychological domain of WHOQOL-BREF0.47 (0.29–0.75)0.002*
 Conscientiousness0.45 (0.23–0.80)0.004*
 Neuroticism11.66 (2.69–50.47)0.001*
  1. *Statistical significance at p <  0.05, a The stepwise logistic regression model indicated ethnicity, employment, household income, practice of religion, perceived diabetic management, overall perception of QOL, overall perception of health, physical, social relationship and environment domains of QOL, extraversion, agreeableness, openness personality traits, and neuroticism x perceived social support were not significantly associated with anxiety among the participants. The model reported reported Cox and Snell R2 = 0.29, p <  0.001, Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test (p = 0.843), and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) = 0.949 (95% CI = 0.912–0.986, p < 0.001)