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Table 4 The risk of different type of psychiatric disorders in the IDA group with or without iron supplementation

From: Psychiatric disorders risk in patients with iron deficiency anemia and association with iron supplementation medications: a nationwide database analysis

 Crude HR
(95% CI)
p-valueAdjusted HRa
(95% CI)
p-value
Overall0.90 (0.85–0.95)<  0.0010.85 (0.80–0.90)<  0.001
Anxiety disorders1.00 (0.89–1.13)0.9930.91 (0.80–1.03)0.129
Depression0.97 (0.85–1.11)0.9670.89 (0.77–1.02)0.096
Psychotic disorders0.88 (0.62–1.25)0.4730.93 (0.65–1.33)0.686
Bipolar disorders1.01 (0.74–1.39)0.9440.96 (0.57–1.61)0.866
Sleep disorders0.89 (0.84–0.95)<  0.0010.84 (0.79–0.89)<  0.001
RLS1.49 (1.02–2.17)0.0381.45 (0.99–2.14)0.057
  1. aAdjusted for age, income level, hypertension, DM, dyslipidemia, CAD, stroke, CKD, cirrhosis, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, COPD, and area