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Table 1 Sample characteristics

From: Post traumatic stress symptoms, anxiety, and depression in patients after intensive care unit discharge – a longitudinal cohort study from a LMIC tertiary care centre

VariableTotalMale (n = 192)Female (n = 130)p value
Age years mean (95% CI)47.8 (46–49.5)49 (47–51)46 (43–49)0.12
Education <6th grade n (%)301 (93)182 (94)119 (92)0.13
Married n (%)288 (89)169 (88)49 (89)0.31
Have young children < 18 yrs. n (%)79 (25)43 (22)36 (28)0.28
Employed n (%)125 (39)97 (51)28 (22)0.00
Substance Abuse n (%)108 (34)75 (39)33 (25)0.01
Experienced Life Stressors n (%)6 (2)2 (1.0)4 (3)0.18
Low Social Support n (%)62 (19)39 (20)23 (18)0.65
Indication for ICU stay n (%) 0.58
 Postoperative117 (36)   
 Medical101 (32)   
 Neurological68 (21)   
 Trauma36 (11)   
Length of Stay in ICU days mean (95% CI)4.7 (4.2–5.1)4.7 (4.1–5.2)4.6 (4.0–5.2)0.68
APACHE II mean (95% CI)9.5 (9–10)9.7 (9.0–10.4)9.2 (8.4–9.9)0.23
SOFA score mean (95% CI)3.4 (3–3.7)3.3 (2.9–3.7)3.4 (2.8–4.0)0.85
Mechanical Ventilation > 48 h n (%)169 (53)105 (54.7)64 (50)0.34
RAS scores mean (95% CI)−0.4(− 0.3to-0.5)−0.38 (− 0.24 to − 0.5)−0.47 (− 0.33 to − 0.61)0.38
Administered benzodiazepine n (%)163 (51)99 (51.6)64 (49)0.68
Administered Steroids n (%)145 (45)84 (44)61 (47)0.57
IESr in ICU median (IQR)7 (6)8(5)7 (6)0.16
IESr at 1-month median (IQR)2 (2)2 (2)2 (3)0.88
IESr at 3 months median (IQR)0 (2)0 (2)0 (2)0.87
HADS in ICU median (IQR)10 (5)10 (4)8 (4)0.71
HADS at 1-month median (IQR)3 (2)3 (2)3 (3)0.95
HADS at 3 months median (IQR)2 (3)3(3)2 (4)0.58
EQ5D VAS in ICU35 (10)35 (10)35 (10)0.3
EQ5D VAS 30 d70 (15)70 (11)70 (15)0.34
EQ5D VAS 90 d80 (11)80 (15)80 (10)0.69
  1. APACHE Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation score, SOFA Sequential Organ Failure Assessment, RAS Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale, IES-r Impact of Events Scale-Revised, HADS Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale, IQR Inter Quartile Range, EQ5D VAS Visual Analogue Score in European Quality of Life 5 dimensions tool, d days