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Table 4 Caregiving impacts between spouse and parent caregivers

From: A cross-sectional study on spouse and parent differences in caregiving experiences of people living with schizophrenia in rural China

VariablesKinship types N (%)/ Median (IQR)/Mean ± SDz/t/χ2P
TotalSpouse(n = 113)Parents(n = 151)  
Family Burden (FBIS)26 (3–43)22 (4–39)27 (6–42)−2.560.011
Caregiver burden (ZBI)43.96 ± 18.2540.81 ± 18.1346.18 ± 18.07− 2.240.026
Depression (PHQ-9)9 (5–16)6.5 (3–12)12 (6–17)−3.95< 0.001
Anxiety (GAD-7)9 (5–15)7 (2–13)11 (6–17)−3.54< 0.001
Caregiving rewarding feelings (CRF)7 (5,9)7 (5,10)7 (5,9)1.740.083
Family functioning (APGAR)6 (4–9)8 (5,10)6 (3,9)3.100.002
  1. FBIS Family Burden Interview Schedule; ZBI Zarit Burden Interview; PHQ-9 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire; GAD-7 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale; CRF Caregiving Rewarding Feelings; APGAR Family Adaptation, Partnership, Growth, Affection and Resolve Index scale