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Table 4 Association between sociodemographic factors and offspring SM

From: The impact of parental psychopathology and sociodemographic factors in selective mutism - a nationwide population-based study

 Cases (N = 860)
N (%)
Controls (N = 3250)
N (%)
Unadjusted OR
(95% CI)
Adjusted OR
(95% CI)
Paternal ageaN = 841N = 3219  
< 207 (0.8)21 (0.7)1.3 (0.6–3.2)0.95 (0.4–2.3)
20–2485 (10.2)335 (10.4)1.0 (0.8–1.4)0.9 (0.6–1.2)
25–29210 (25.0)874 (27.2)referencereference
30–34238 (28.3)1103 (34.3)0.9 (0.7–1.1)1.01 (0.8–1.2)
35–39178 (21.2)578 (18.0)1.3 (1.03–1.6)*1.4 (1.1–1.8)*
≥40123 (14.6)308 (9.6)1.7 (1.3–2.2)**1.8 (1.4–2.4)**
Maternal agebN = 860N = 3250  
< 2027 (3.1)89 (2.7)1.3 (0.8–2.1)1.1 (0.6–2.0)
20–24174 (20.2)543 (16.7)1.4 (1.1–1.7)*1.2 (0.9–1.6)
25–29261 (30.4)1114 (34.3)referencereference
30–34222 (25.8)969 (29.8)0.98 (0.8–1.2)0.9 (0.7–1.1)
35–39137 (15.9)442 (13.6)1.3 (1.1–1.7)*0.9 (0.7–1.3)
≥4039 (4.5)93 (2.9)1.8 (1.2–2.7)*1.1 (0.6–1.8)
Maternal socioeconomic statuscN = 860N = 3250  
Upper white collar67 (7.8)495 (15.2)referencereference
Lower white collar296 (34.4)1183 (36.4)2.0 (1.4–2.7) ***2.0 (1.5–2.7)***
Blue collar188 (21.9)518 (15.9)2.8 (2.0–3.9)***2.8 (2.0–4.0)***
Other166 (19.3)508 (15.6)2.3 (1.6–3.2)***2.4 (1.7–3.4)***
Missing143 (16.6)546 (16.8)2.3 (1.5–3.5)**2.4 (1.5–3.6)***
Marital statusdN = 797N = 3005  
Married/in a relationship742 (93.1)2911 (96.9)referencereference
Single55 (6.9)94 (3.1)2.3 (1.6–3.3)***2.0 (1.4–3.0)**
Immigration statuseN = 860N = 3250  
Both parents Finnish815 (94.77)3070 (94.5)referencereference
Mother immigrant19 (2.2)50 (1.5)1.5 (0.8–2.5)1.4 (0.8–2.6)
Father immigrant12 (1.4)66 (2.0)0.7 (0.4–1.3)0.7 (0.4–1.4)
Both parents immigrants14 (1.6)64 (2.0)0.8 (0.5–1.5)0.7 (0.4–1.4)
UrbanicityfN = 857N = 3222  
Urban523 (61.0)1970 (61.1)0.9 (0.8–1.1)0.98 (0.8–1.2)
Semi-urban132 (15.4)550 (17.1)0.8 (0.7–1.1)0.8 (0.6–1.1)
Rural202 (23.6)702 (21.8)referencereference
  1. aOdds ratio (OR) adjusted for maternal socioeconomic status (SES), maternal and paternal psychopathology)
  2. bOR psychopathology adjusted for paternal age, maternal SES. marital status, maternal and paternal psychopathology
  3. cOR adjusted for paternal age, marital status, maternal and paternal psychopathology
  4. dOR adjusted for paternal age, maternal SES, and maternal and paternal psychopathology
  5. eOR adjusted for paternal age, maternal SES, marital status, maternal and paternal psychopathology
  6. fOR adjusted for paternal age, maternal SES, maternal and paternal psychopathology
  7. Paternal age missing in 19 cases (2.2%) and 31 controls (1.0%).
  8. Urbanicity missing in three cases (0.4%) and 28 controls (0.9%).
  9. Marital status missing in 63 cases (7.3%) and 245 controls (7.5%).
  10. * P-value≤0.05 **P-value≤0.001 *** P-value< 0.0001