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Table 3 Rates of Psychiatric Diagnosis with Internet Use (Parent-Report)

From: Problematic internet use in children and adolescents: associations with psychiatric disorders and impairment

Diagnosis OR (95% CI) p aORa (95% CI) p aORb (95% CI) p
ASD 2.25 (1.42–3.55) <.001 2.28 (1.38–3.76) <.001 2.24 (1.34–3.73) <.001
Anxiety 1.19 (0.83–1.71) 0.34 1.13 (0.75–1.68) 0.56 1.18 (0.73–1.89) 0.50
Depression 3.16 (1.77–5.72) <.001 2.34 (1.24–4.48) 0.01 2.56 (1.31–5.05) 0.01
ADHD-C 1.22 (0.83–1.78) 0.30 1.53 (1.00–2.33) 0.05 1.55 (0.95–2.52) 0.08
ADHD-I 1.40 (0.97–2.02) 0.07 1.18 (0.79–1.75) 0.43 1.41 (0.89–2.24) 0.14
Social Anxiety 1.00 (0.57–1.72) 0.99 0.69 (0.37–1.25) 0.23 0.51 (0.24–1.07) 0.08
  1. aAdjusted for sex, age, SES, collection site, and single caregiver; bAdjusted for sex, age, SES, collection site, single caregiver and all diagnoses
  2. Prevalence rates and adjusted odds ratios (95% CI) for associations between DSM-5 disorders (lifetime prevalence) and Problematic Internet Use (PIU) determined by a parent-report score above or below a cut-off score of 40 on the Internet Addiction Test