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Table 4 Multivariable Regressions for Negative Consequences of Internet Use (Self-Report)

From: Problematic internet use in children and adolescents: associations with psychiatric disorders and impairment

Outcome Model 1a
Beta (95% CI)
p Model 2b
Beta (95% CI)
p Model 3c
Beta (95% CI)
p
Impairment 5.63 (4.03–7.23) <.001 5.37 (3.78–6.96) <.001 4.63 (3.06–6.20) <.001
Physical Activity −0.03 (−0.19–0.13) 0.72 −0.03 (− 0.19–0.12) 0.67 −0.01 (− 0.16–0.15) 0.95
BMI 1.03 (0.08–1.99) 0.03 0.82 (−0.08–1.72) 0.07 0.61 (− 0.30–1.51) 0.19
FMI 0.64 (−0.02–1.31) 0.06 0.56 (− 0.07–1.19) 0.08 0.40 (− 0.24–1.03) 0.22
Sleep Disturbances 4.67 (2.14–7.20) <.001 4.64 (2.10–7.17) <.001 3.15 (0.71–5.59) 0.01
  1. aUnadjusted model; bAdjusted for sex, age, SES, collection site, and single caregiver; cAdjusted for sex, age, SES, collection site, single caregiver and all diagnoses; Beta values are standardized
  2. Separate linear regression models examining associations between self-reported Problematic Internet Use (PIU) and impairment, physical health, and sleep