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Table 5 Univariate analysis for depression, anxiety, and burnout, and selected demographic variables

From: Depression, anxiety, and burnout among medical students and residents of a medical school in Nepal: a cross-sectional study

Participant’s characteristicsDepression
χ2, P-value
n (%)
Anxiety
χ2, P-value
n (%)
Burnout
χ2, P-value
n (%)
Gender7.28, 0.00716.93, P < 0.00013.93, 0.05
 Male (n = 495)140 (28.3)202 (40.8)231 (46.7)
 Female (n = 156)62 (39.7)93 (59.6)87 (55.8)
Trainee type1.57, 0.210.35, 0.5545.92, P < 0.0001
 Medical Students (n = 378)110 (29.1)175 (46.3)142 (37.6)
 Residents (n = 273)92 (33.7)120 (44)176 (64.5)
Years in training10.81, 0.2121.57, 0.00677.63, P < 0.0001
 Medical student
  First-year (n = 66)22 (33.3)40 (60.6)28 (42.4)
  Second-year (n = 68)12 (17.7)26 (38.2)12 (17.6)
  Third-year (n = 71)23 (32.4)41 (57.8)25 (35.2)
  Fourth-year (n = 63)20 (31.8)23 (36.5)18 (28.6)
  Fifth-year (n = 63)21 (33.3)31 (49.2)39 (61.9)
  Interns (n = 47)12 (25.5)14 (29.8)20 (42.6)
 Residents
  First-year (n = 97)37 (38.1)47 (48.5)68 (70.1)
  Second-year (n = 93)25 (26.9)35 (37.6)60 (64.5)
  Third-year (n = 83)30 (36.1)38 (45.8)48 (57.8)
 Clinical or non-clinical med student or resident6.57, 0.091.10, 0.7858.78, P < 0.0001
  Clinical med std (n = 244)76 (31.2)109 (44.7)102 (41.8)
  Non-clinical med std (n = 134)34 (25.4)66 (49.3)40 (29.9)
  Clinical res (n = 245)87 (35.5)108 (44.1)165 (67.3)
  Non-clinical res (n = 28)5 (17.9)12 (42.9)11 (39.3)
 Age category0.13 a0.75 aP < 0.0001 a
  18–24 years (n = 314)88 (28)148 (47.1)109 (34.7)
  25–29 years (n = 211)65 (30.8)92 (43.6)130 (61.6)
  30–34 years (n = 122)48 (39.3)54 (44.3)76 (62.3)
  35–39 years (n = 4)1 (25)1 (25)3 (75)
 Satisfied with academic performance43.2, P < 0.000150.1, P < 0.000112, P < 0.001
  Satisfied (n = 344)68 (19.8)111 (32.3)146 (42.4)
  Dissatisfied (n = 307)134 (43.6)184 (59.9)172 (56)
 Satisfied with career choice28, P < 0.000122.9, P < 0.000128.2, P < 0.0001
  Satisfied (n = 506)131 (25.9)204 (40.3)219 (43.3)
  Dissatisfied (n = 145)71 (49)91 (62.8)99 (68.3)
 Extracurricular involvementP < 0.001a0.12a36.9, P < 0.0001
  Always (n = 56)16 (28.6)31 (55.4)15 (26.8)
  Often (n = 166)36 (21.7)65 (39.2)70 (42.2)
  Sometimes (n = 240)70 (29.2)112 (46.7)111 (46.3)
  Rarely (n = 177)75 (42.4)79 (44.6)111 (62.7)
  Never (n = 12)5 (41.7)8 (66.7)11 (91.7)
 Adequacy of sleep2.9, 0.091.7, 0.1922.7, P < 0.0001
  Adequate (n = 441)127 (28.8)192 (43.5)187 (42.4)
  Inadequate (n = 210)75 (35.7)103 (49)131 (62.4)
 Substance use0.37, 0.541.41, 0.236.29, 0.01
  Using (n = 398)127 (31.9)173 (43.5)210 (52.8)
  Not using (n = 253)75 (29.6)122 (48.2)108 (42.7)
  1. Note. med std medical student, res resident; a: P-values calculated from Fisher’s exact test; all other P-values were obtained by using the Chi-squared test.