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Table 5 Association between characteristics of the participants and symptoms of anxiety

From: Prevalence and factors associated with depressive and anxiety symptoms among Palestinian medical students

Characteristic n % Median Q3 Q1 IQR Mean rank p-value Correlation coefficient p-value
Age (years)
  < 20 103 36.0 20.0 29.5 11.5 18.0 156.3 0.050 −0.11 0.066
  ≥ 20 183 64.0 16.0 26.0 9.0 17.0 136.3
Gender
 Male 112 39.2 15.5 24.0 9.8 14.3 135.0 0.163 0.08 0.198
 Female 174 60.8 19.0 28.0 11.0 17.0 149.0
Place of residence (born and raised)
 City 198 69.2 18.0 27.0 12.0 15.0 145.6 0.434 −0.02 0.774
 Village 82 28.7 18.0 27.0 8.0 19.0 136.0
 Refugee camp 6 2.1 26.0 34.8 13.5 21.3 175.0
Place of current residence during study of medicine
 Family home 150 52.4 17.5 26.5 9.0 17.5 136.3 0.120 0.07 0.267
 Dormitory 136 47.6 18.0 28.3 12.0 16.3 151.5
Motives for studying medicine
 Personal motives 234 81.8 18.0 26.8 10.0 16.8 138.6 0.106 0.12 0.036
 Family motives 44 15.4 22.0 29.3 11.8 17.5 166.3
 Undeclared 8 2.8 16.5 28.8 15.0 13.8 160.8
If given a chance, would study medicine again?
 No 76 26.6 17.5 27.3 12.0 15.3 146.2 0.737 −0.01 0.916
 Yes 210 73.4 18.0 27.0 10.0 17.0 142.5
Academic stage
 Basic (academic years 1–3) 162 56.6 21.0 30.0 12.0 18.0 158.6 0.000 −0.19 0.001
 Clinical (academic years 4–6) 124 43.4 15.0 22.0 8.8 13.3 123.8
Grade Point Average (GPA) out of 4
  < 3 89 31.1 20.0 28.0 10.0 18.0 150.5 0.335 −0.05 0.379
  > 3 197 68.9 18.0 27.0 10.0 17.0 140.3
Ever failed a subject during study of medicine
 No 213 74.5 18.0 28.0 10.0 18.0 142.8 0.795 0.02 0.678
 Yes 73 25.5 18.0 27.0 12.0 15.0 145.7
Mental health status (self-assessed on a Likert-scale of 1–5)
 1 19 6.6 29.0 35.0 23.5 11.5 214.3 0.000 −0.48 0.000
 2 59 20.6 24.0 33.0 16.0 17.0 188.6
 3 89 31.1 21.0 28.0 13.0 15.0 155.7
 4 94 32.9 12.0 19.0 8.0 11.0 106.6
  25 8.7 6.0 16.0 4.0 12.0 78.5
Ever attempted suicide
 No 273 95.5 18.0 27.0 10.0 17.0 140.7 0.009 0.15 0.014
 Yes 13 4.5 27.0 31.0 22.0 9.0 201.6
Monthly household income in US dollars
 Low (<  850) 15 5.2 28.0 35.0 20.5 14.5 194.8 0.044 −0.11 0.065
 Medium (850–1400) 90 31.5 18.5 26.0 11.0 15.0 143.5
 High (>  1400) 181 63.3 17.0 27.0 10.0 17.0 139.3
Financial status (self-assessed on a Likert-scale of 1–5)
 1 4 1.4 18.5 25.5 15.8 9.8 170.4 0.016 −0.19 0.001
 2 24 8.4 27.5 31.5 17.5 14.0 192.0
 3 96 33.6 19.0 27.0 11.0 16.0 148.9
 4 105 36.7 16.0 25.0 9.0 16.0 134.6
 5 57 19.9 16.0 25.0 7.0 18.0 128.5
Marital status
 Single 277 96.9 18.0 27.0 10.0 17.0 143.0 0.533 0.04 0.534
 Engaged/Married 9 3.1 21.0 36.0 12.0 24.0 160.4
Social life (self-assessed on a Likert-scale of 1–5)
 1 9 3.1 24.0 25.0 21.0 4.0 177.8 0.000 −0.25 0.000
 2 33 11.5 27.0 35.0 16.0 19.0 194.3
 3 74 25.9 20.0 30.0 11.3 18.8 155.0
 4 96 33.6 16.0 24.0 9.0 15.0 131.5
 5 74 25.9 15.0 23.0 6.3 16.8 120.7
Religious commitment (self-assessed on a Likert-scale of 1–5)
 1 26 9.1 18.5 30.0 14.3 15.8 167.0 0.143 −0.13 0.030
 2 41 14.3 19.0 26.0 13.0 13.0 153.5
 3 114 39.9 18.0 28.0 11.0 17.0 147.9
 4 96 33.6 15.0 27.3 7.0 20.3 130.9
 5 9 3.1 13.0 22.0 3.0 19.0 108.7
  1. Q1 1st quartile, Q3 3rd quartile, IQR: interquartile range