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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of residents by onset of depressive symptoms by gender

From: Metabolic syndrome associated with the onset of depressive symptoms among women but not men in rural Northeast China

 Total (n = 2796)Men (n = 1543)Women (n = 1253)
Depressed (n = 110)Not depressed (n = 2686)Depressed (n = 66)Not depressed (n = 1187)Depressed (n = 44)Not depressed (n = 1499)
Age (years)54.56 ± 10.4852.10 ± 10.2554.85 ± 11.0653.04 ± 10.4154.38 ± 10.1750.91 ± 9.92
Ethnicity (others)12 (10.6)196 (7.2)4 (9.1)114 (7.5)8 (8.9)82 (6.8)
Marriage (Yes)112 (99.1)2700 (98.9)43 (97.7)1502 (98.3)69 (100)1198 (99.8)
Current smoking status (Yes)36 (31.9)1037 (38.0)23 (52.3)877 (57.4)13 (18.8)160 (13.3)
Current drinking status (No)23 (20.4)785 (28.8)19 (43.2)759 (49.7)4 (5.8)26 (2.2)
Regular excising (Yes)32 (29.1)564 (21.0)9 (20.5)294 (19.6)23 (34.8)270 (22.7)
Education status
 Primary school or below62 (54.9)1156 (42.4)19 (43.2)559 (36.6)43 (62.3)597 (49.7)
 Middle school36 (31.9)1259 (46.1)19 (43.2)767 (50.2)17 (24.6)492 (41.0)
 High school or above15 (13.3)314 (11.5)6 (13.6)202 (13.2)9 (13.0)112 (9.3)
Annual income (CNY/year)
  ≤ 5000243 (8.9)9 (8.0)7 (15.9)143 (9.4)2 (0.2)100 (7.9)
 5000–20,0001430 (52.4)68 (60.2)30 (68.2)806 (52.8)38 (55.1)624 (52.0)
  > 20,0001055 (38.7)36 (31.9)7 (15.9)578 (37.9)29 (42.0)477 (39.7)
SBP (mmHg)145.65 ± 24.70142.25 ± 22.48149.39 ± 24.85144.70 ± 21.97143.15 ± 24.48139.15 ± 22.74
DBP (mmHg)83.92 ± 12.8282.56 ± 11.7188.36 ± 13.7084.20 ± 11.9980.95 ± 11.3680.48 ± 11.00
BMI (kg/m2)25.16 ± 3.6225.18 ± 3.7924.66 ± 3.2925.15 ± 3.5125.50 ± 3.8225.22 ± 4.13
eGFR (mi/min/1.73m2)94.20 ± 15.4595.98 ± 14.1792.98 ± 16.6695.84 ± 14.9196.04 ± 13.3996.08 ± 13.56
WC (cm)82.88 ± 10.0983.92 ± 9.9483.41 ± 9.4384.58 ± 9.5982.53 ± 10.5781.06 ± 10.02
TC (mmol/L)5.26 ± 1.085.25 ± 1.095.09 ± 0.965.26 ± 1.065.36 ± 1.155.24 ± 1.13
TG (mmol/L)1.73 ± 1.351.65 ± 1.621.63 ± 1.501.71 ± 1.791.79 ± 1.261.56 ± 1.37
LDL-C (mmol/L)3.01 ± 0.872.96 ± 00.832.87 ± 0.832.97 ± 0.813.11 ± 0.882.96 ± 0.86
HDL-C (mmol/L)1.43 ± 0.381.44 ± 0.411.444 ± 0.431.44 ± 0.451.42 ± 0.341.43 ± 0.35
FPG (mmol/L)5.78 ± 1.265.89 ± 1.685.80 ± 1.405.95 ± 1.685.78 ± 1.185.81 ± 1.68
  1. Data are expressed as the mean ± SD or as n (%)
  2. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, CNY China Yuan (1CNY = 0.161 USD), SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, TG triglyceride, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, FPG fasting plasma glucose. a Including some ethnic minorities in China, such as Mongol and Manchu