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Table 3 Comparisons of the frequency of Potential Traumatic Events (PTE) between groups with various disorders with significance evaluation and a measure of the effect size

From: Potential trauma events and the psychological consequences for Yazidi women after ISIS captivity

 n
Group
PTE1a2bTotalχ2pOR
War zone
 Yes22168190
 No 
Violent Attack
 Yes22168190
 No
Death of an attachment figure
 Yes101091193.42.065+2.29
 No125769
Torture
 Yes20163183.1454.08
 No246
Captivity
 Yes19165184.022*8.68
 No336
Sexual Attack
 Yes111161273.18.074+2.23
 No115263
Other event
 Yes34245.4151.98
 No17120137
  1. Note. PTE = potential traumatic event, χ2 = chi-squared (number of degrees of freedom, df = 1), calculation as per Fisher’s exact test, OR = odds ratio
  2. awomen with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) according to the Essen trauma inventory
  3. bwomen with PTSD and depression (as per Beck’s depression inventory). *p ≤ .05, +p ≤ .10