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Table 1 Baseline characteristics for the total sample, the PD-Lo patient group and PD-Hi patient group

From: The influence of depressive symptoms on the effectiveness of a short-term group form of Schema Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for personality disorders: a naturalistic study

VariableTotal sample (n = 225)PD-Lo (n = 131)PD-Hi (n = 94)Test statistic (df)p
Demographics
 Age n (mean) 225 (39.4)131 (39.6)94 (39.0)F (1)= 0.229.63
 Gender n (%)male82 (36)51 (39)31 (33)χ2(1) = .837.36
Cultural background n (%)Dutch156 (69)96 (73)60 (64)χ2(2) = 5.279.07
North-Western countries19 (8)15 (12)8 (9)  
Non-Western46 (20)20 (15)26 (28)  
 Marital status n (%)single157 (70)91 (70)66 (70)χ2(2) = .259.88
 married/living together46 (20)28 (21)18 (19)  
divorced22 (10)12 (9)10 (11)  
 Living situation n (%)Living alone152 (68)88 (67)64 (68)χ2(4) = 2.231.69
Living alone with children21 (9)12 (9)9 (10)  
Living with parent/guardian7 (3)4 (3)3 (3)  
Living together32 (14)17 (13)15 (16)  
Living together with children13 (6)10 (8)3 (3)  
 Job status n (%)Job100 (44)67 (51)33 (35)χ2(4) = 8.441.08
Student25 (11)12 (9)13 (14)  
Sickness benefits/Social security benefits44 (20)24 (18)20 (21)  
unemployed48 (21)22 (17)26 (28)  
Other7 (4)6 (5)2 (2)  
 Educational level n (%)Low106 (48)64 (51)42 (45)χ2(2) = 0.718.70
Intermediate72 (33)40 (32)32 (34)  
High41 (19)22 (18)19 (20)  
Clinical characteristics
 Symptom severity, SCL-GSI Mean (SD) 210.72 (58.05)176.60 (36.56)258.26 (48.20)F [1] = 208.73.00**
 Schema severity, YSQ total Mean (SD) 2.95 (0.70)2.64 (0.60)3.39 (0.60)F (1) = 86.168.00**
Number personality disorders n (%)
 one personality disorder140 (62)89 (68)51 (54)χ2(3) = 7.052.13
 two personality disorders33 (15)18 (14)15 (16)  
 three personality disorders51 (23)24 (18)27 (29)  
 four personality disorders12 (5)4 (3)8 (9)  
Specific personality disorder n (%)
 borderline personality disorder49 (22)28 (21)21 (22)χ2(3) = 5.462.70
 avoidant personality disorder33 (15)22 (17)11 (12)  
 personality disorder not otherwise specified126 (56)71 (54)55 (58)  
 other personality disorder17 (7)10 (8)7 (8)  
Medication n(%) 109 (48)55 (42)54 (57)χ2(1) = 5.239.02*
Type of medication n(%)antidepressants75 (53)37 (56)38 (51)χ2(3) = .561.91
antipsychotics22 (16)9 (14)13 (17)  
benzodiazepines27 (19)12 (18)15 (20)  
other mental17 (12)8 (12)9 (12)  
Medication somatics n(%) 6 (5)    
Prior treatment for current treatment n(%) 202 (91)113 (87)89 (96)χ2(1) = 4.895.03*
Drop-out history n(%) 59 (28)30 (24))29 (33)χ2(1) = 2.170.14
  1. PD-Lo Personality Disorder with low severity of depressive symptoms; PD-Hi Personality Disorder with high severity of depressive symptoms; North-Western countries (North-Western Europe, North-America, Australia) * p < .05, **p < .01