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Table 2 Change of symptoms, maladaptive schemas and coping styles at baseline, mid-treatment (week 10), treatment termination (week 20) and three-month follow-up (week 32)

From: The influence of depressive symptoms on the effectiveness of a short-term group form of Schema Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for personality disorders: a naturalistic study

 PD-LoPD-Hi
 baselineweek 10week 20week 32baselineweek 10week 20week 32
 (n = 131)(n = 103)(n = 89)(n = 72)(n = 94)(n = 75)(n = 64)(n = 54)
Outcome measureM (SD)M (SD)M (SD)M (SD)M (SD)M (SD)M (SD)M (SD)
SCL scales
anxiety18.95 (5.55)19.31 (7.63)17.17 (6.78)17.90 (6.93)28.30 (7.86)24.76 (8.27)23.42 (8.91)22.72 (8.16)
phobic anxiety10.50 (3.56)10.78 (4.19)10.03 (4.29)10.04 (3.94)15.90 (6.40)13.90 (6.91)12.76 (5.66)13.30 (6.83)
depression35.17 (7.88)36.32 (11.09)31.09 (10.97)33.94 (10.94)56.95 (7.12)47.31 (12.91)42.61 (14.31)42.70 (13.02)
somatisation21.19 (6.94)21.30 (7.67)19,53 (6.60)20.18 (7.29)30.63 (9.75)26.19 (8.61)24.90 (9.72)25.28 (8.77)
insufficiency20.47 (5.81)20.07 (6.59)18,16 (6.42)18.88 (7.05)28.89 (6.55)23.72 (7.76)24.29 (7.95)22.82 (7.76)
interpersonal sensitivity36.34 (9.31)37.25 (11.00)31.55 (10.20)32.71 (11.20)52.76 (12.89)44.35 (13.80)42.23 (13.05)41.38 (15.57)
hostility10.27 (3.70)9.95 (3.42)8.81 (3.14)8.67 (2.71)13.80 (5.57)11.72 (5.14)11.45 (5.12)10.88 (4.35)
sleep problems7.16 (3.10)6.97 (3.25)6.29 (3.22)6.99 (3.36)9.18 (3.49)8.24 (3.48)7.49 (3.29)7.76 (3.77)
other16.71 (4.58)16.68 (5.03)14.61 (4.77)15.00 (4.78)22.71 (5.43)19.82 (5.70)18.76 (6.22)17.38 (5.56)
General Symptom Inventory176.60 (36.56)178.84 (47.44)157.11 (43.23)163.59 (49.50)258.26 (48.20)220.15 (57.77)209.54 (61.70)204.44 (59.98)
YSQ domains
schema severity2.64 (0.60)2.55 (0.64)2.24 (0.68)2.27 (0.75)3.39 (0.60)3.13 (0.69)2.84 (0.70)2.86 (0.87)
disconnection-rejection2.74 (0.73)2.66 (0.77)2.31 (0.76)2.29 (0.89)3.60 (0.74)3.34 (0.82)3.03 (0.85)3.07 (1.01)
impaired autonomy2.34 (0.69)2.28 (0.69)1.99 (0.71)1.99 (0.77)3.12 (0.73)2.85 (0.77)2.53 (0.74)2.58 (0.92)
impaired limits2.72 (0.67)2.57 (0.73)2.27 (0.71)2.25 (0.73)3.22 (0.80)3.00 (0.83)2.81 (0.81)2.74 (0.90)
other directedness3.01 (0.77)2.94 (0.78)2.57 (0.84)2.60 (0.90)3.63 (0.76)3.32 (0.79)3.07 (0.77)3.04 (0.95)
overvigilance and inhibition2.57 (0.64)2.46 (0.69)2.19 (0.71)2.20 (0.72)3.33 (0.66)3.04 (0.82)2.79 (0.80)2.74 (0.95)
UCL scales
active coping16.77 (4.16)17.10 (4.29)17.36 (3.83)17.61 (3.75)15.11 (4.47)15.66 (4.39)16.74 (4.33)17.69 (4.15)
avoidance17.65 (3.45)18.03 (4.25)17.11 (3.30)17.60 (3.65)19.46 (4.07)18.35 (3.59)18.16 (3.41)18.65 (3.88)
palliative reaction pattern18.50 (4.02)19.04 (4.36)18.15 (3.40)17.70 (3.83)19.04 (4.69)19.51 (3.59)18.55 (3.75)19.20 (4.04)
seeking social support13.17 (3.88)14.16 (4.17)14.17 (3.67)13.86 (3.88)12.01 (4.49)12.87 (3.73)13.39 (3.61)13.59 (4.14)
  1. PD-Lo Personality Disorder with low severity of depressive symptoms; PD-Hi Personality Disorder with high severity of depressive symptoms; SCL Symptom Checklist; YSQ Young Schema Questionnaire; UCL Utrecht Coping List; M Mean; SD Standard Deviation