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Table 1 Characteristics of participants, by gender for the whole national sample (n = 1,909,205)

From: Gender difference in the association between education and schizophrenia in Chinese adults

Characteristics
n (%) / mean (SD)
FemaleMale
Not having schizophreniaHaving schizophreniaNot having schizophreniaHaving schizophrenia
Education
 Primary school and below493,547 (51.68)2888 (68.84)347,923 (36.76)1682 (49.00)
 Junior high school286,367 (29.98)911 (21.72)369,950 (39.09)1133 (33.00)
 Senior high school and above175,138 (18.34)396 (9.44)228,652 (24.16)618 (18.00)
 Age, years955,000 (44.51)4195 (47.97)947,000 (44.13)3433 (43.63)
Residence
 Rural607,754 (63.64)3062 (72.99)616,735 (65.16)2317 (67.49)
 Urban347,298 (36.36)1133 (27.01)329,790 (34.84)1116 (32.51)
Marital Status
 Married767,397 (80.35)3054 (72.80)751,515 (79.40)2286 (66.59)
 Unmarried187,655 (19.65)1141 (27.20)195,010 (20.60)1147 (33.41)
Employment
 Yes926,682 (97.03)3942 (93.97)909,225 (96.06)2991 (87.12)
 No28,370 (2.97)253 (6.03)37,300 (3.94)442 (12.88)
Income
 Tertile 1(Lowest)281,115 (29.43)2102 (50.11)282,332 (29.83)1840 (53.60)
 Tertile 2295,645 (30.96)1198 (28.56)291,342 (30.78)881 (25.66)
 Tertile 3(Highest)378,292 (39.61)895 (21.33)372,851 (39.39)712 (20.74)