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Table 3 Socio-demographic characteristics and differences in scores of PDD scale and MHKQ by socio-demographic variables

From: Mental health stigma and mental health knowledge in Chinese population: a cross-sectional study

VariablesDevaluationDiscriminationMHK
Mean ± sdt/F, PMean ± sdt/F, PMean ± sdt/F, P
Sex
 female13.9 ± 3.10.08, 0.9422.5 ± 4.30.55, 0.5811.6 ± 1.9−1.61, 0.11
 male13.9 ± 3.3 22.4 ± 4.5 11.7 ± 2.2 
Resident area
 urban13.8 ± 3.11.99, 0.0522.5 ± 4.3045, 0.6611.8 ± 2.05.46, < 0.001
 rural14.3 ± 3.5 22.4 ± 4.5 11.2 ± 1.9 
Age
 18–3913.6 ± 3.07.58, 0.00622.5 ± 4.42.67, 0.1012.1 ± 2.126.49, < 0.001
 40–5414.0 ± 3.4 22.6 ± 4.1 11.6 ± 2.1 
 55+14.4 ± 3.3 22.1 ± 4.8 11.2 ± 1.8 
Education, year
 0–615.0 ± 3.621.39, < 0.00123.0 ± 4.60.75,0.3910.7 ± 1.5130.38, < 0.001
 7–913.8 ± 3.1 22.1 ± 4.2 11.4 ± 1.8 
 9–1213.6 ± 3.3 21.9 ± 4.5 11.9 ± 2.1 
 13+13.7 ± 3.0 23.0 ± 4.2 12.4 ± 2.2 
Per capita family income
 above median14.0 ± 3.22.22, 0.0322.6 ± 4.30.67, 0.5012.0 ± 2.24.61, < 0.001
 below median14.4 ± 3.3 22.7 ± 4.3 11.5 ± 1.9 
Employment status
 housewife13.1 ± 3.214.18, < 0.00121.2 ± 4.30.01, 0.9412.1 ± 2.147.49, < 0.001
 having a job13.9 ± 3.2 22.8 ± 4.4 11.9 ± 2.1 
 retired14.2 ± 3.1 22.4 ± 4.2 11.4 ± 1.9 
 jobless or lost job14.1 ± 3.2 22.1 ± 4.4 11.6 ± 1.7 
 farmer14.5 ± 3.7 22.2 ± 4.5 10.6 ± 1.7 
Marital status
 never married13.8 ± 3.08.03, 0.2422.3 ± 4.10.67, 0.4112.1 ± 2.218.67, < 0.001
 married13.9 ± 3.3 22.5 ± 4.5 11.7 ± 2.0 
 divorced/lost spouse14.4 ± 3.3 22.8 ± 4.0 11.1 ± 2.1 
GHQ score
  ≥ 414.2 ± 3.40.82, 0.41121.9 ± 4.31.25, 0.21012.9 ± 2.51.16, 0.248
 <413.9 ± 3.2 22.5 ± 4.4 13.2 ± 2.6 
  1. Bold values significance level was set at 0.05; two-tailed test