Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of patients and healthy controls

From: Comparison of the touch-screen and traditional versions of the Corsi block-tapping test in patients with psychosis and healthy controls

  Patients (n = 45) Healthy controls (n = 45) Statistics
Socio-demographic data
 Females, n(%) 18 (40) 18 (40) NS
 Age (years) mean (SD) 35.60 (11.53) 35.29 (11.08) NS
 Educational level b mean (SD) 3.33 (0.82) 5.11 (1.36) t = 7.65 (72.019), p < 0.001
 Hand laterality (right) n (%) 38 (84) 39 (87) NS
Neuropsychological functionsa mean (SD)
 Premorbid IQ (WAT) 98 (8.38) 105 (6.35) F = 1.82 (1,90), p = 0.170
 Verbal attention (Digit-FW) 7.96 (2.09) 9.67 (2.19) F = 2.76 (1,90), p = 0.069
 Verbal working-memory (Digit-BW) 5.58 (2.17) 7.29 (2.37) F = 3.02 (1,90), p = 0.054
 MMSE 29.04 (0.97) 29.40 (0.80) F = 0.44 (1,90), p = 0.640
Clinical characteristics
 Age of first hospitalization mean (SD) 28.07 (13.86)   
Antipsychotics
 Typical, n (%) 6 (13)   
 Atypical,n (%) 56 (87)   
 Mood stabilizer n (%) 12 (27)   
 Antidepressantsn (%) 8 (18)   
 Anxiolytics n (%) 40 (44)   
PANSS
 Positive symptoms mean (SD)(range) 17 (7.85) (7-35)   
 Negative symptoms mean (SD) (range) 17.43 (6.44) (7-34)   
Attention deficit mean (SD) (range) 2.76 (1.11) (1-5)   
  1. a controlling for educational level. Note: b Educational level based on the following classification: 1 = no formal education; 2 = uncompleted primary education; 3 = completed primary education; 4 = uncompleted secondary school; 5 = completed secondary school; 6 = uncompleted university education; 7 = completed university studies. NS not significant, SD standard deviation, FW forward, BW backward, MMSE Mini Mental State Examination test, WAT Word Accentuation test, PANSS Positive and Negative Syndrome scale