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Table 1 Participants characteristics

From: The validity and reliability of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 for screening depression in primary health care patients in Botswana

VariableCategoryFrequency
(N = 257)
Percentage
(%)
GenderFemale17266.9
Male8533.1
AgeMean; Median; Range34.3; 32.0; 18–79
Age18–24 Years7027.2
25 and Above18772.8
Marital statusSingle6324.6
In a relationship8734.0
Married2911.3
Widowed83.1
Divorced103.9
Cohabiting5923.0
Missing1 
Employment statusUnemployed6023.3
Self Employed3513.6
Part Time93.5
Casual labourer93.5
Full time Employment12548.6
Student197.4
ReligionaIslam41.5
Christianity22687.3
African Tradition religion135.0
Other155.8
None10.4
Missing2 
Education LevelNever went to school62.3
Primary2911.3
Junior Secondary8533.1
Senior Secondary7328.4
Tertiary6424.9
DiagnosisaHIV6021.6
Hypertension4415.8
Stroke/CVA62.2
Diabetes51.8
Other217.6
None14251.1
Missing4 
DiagnosisNone14256.1
One8935.2
Multiple/Comorbid228.7
Missing4 
IncomeaBelow P6004517.6
600–239910641.4
2400–41994417.2
4200–6000239.0
Above 6000197.4
Not Disclosed197.4
Missing1 
Substance UseAlcohol11037.4
Dagaa144.8
Tobacco3110.5
other-Name20.7
No13746.6
Missing2 
Substance UseNone13753.7
One8834.5
Multiple3011.8
Missing2 
Relative with mental IllnessYes5923.2
No17970.5
Don’t Know166.3
Missing3 
Relative with mental illnessNo19576.8
Yes5923.2
Missing3 
History of mental illnessYes62.4
No24997.6
Missing2 
 Missing2
  1. aThe numbers do not add up to 257 because the participants answered more than one option