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Table 2 Correlation between the age-standardized suicide ratio and the prevalence of concomitant diseases* across occupations among male workers deceased by suicide (SNC, 1990–2014)

From: Prevalence of somatic and psychiatric morbidity across occupations in Switzerland and its correlation with suicide mortality: results from the Swiss National Cohort (1990–2014)

OccupationaNb of suicideRisk of suicideMalignant neoplasmsMental and behavioural disordersDiseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissueSubstance-related and addictive disordersSchizophrenia Spectrum and other psychotic disordersMood disordersAnxiety, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders
11. Legislators and senior officials360.55
(0.39–0.76)
8.33
(2.40–20.60)
13.89
(5.50–27.80)
0.00
(0.00–6.69)
0.00
(0.00–6.69)
2.78
(0.30–12.26)
11.11
(3.87–24.29)
0.00
(0.00–6.69)
23. Teaching professionals1650.65
(0.56–0.76)
4.85
(2.33–9.42)
34.55
(27.71–42.09)
0.00
(0.00–2.74)
3.03
(1.11–7.09)
8.48
(5.02–13.84)
25.45
(19.40–32.63)
0.00
(0.00–2.74)
21. Physical, mathematical and engineering science professionals4970.76
(0.69–0.83)
4.23
(2.75–6.41)
31.79
(27.85–36.01)
0.00
(0.00–0.92)
6.04
(4.23–8.51)
5.03
(3.40–7.35)
22.13
(18.70–25.99)
0.00
(0.00–0.92)
12. Corporate managers7750.76
(0.71–0.82)
3.74
(2.60–5.34)
26.84
(23.84–30.07)
0.26
(0.01–1.00)
6.19
(4.69–8.13)
3.74
(2.60–5.34)
18.97
(16.36–21.88)
0.00
(0.00–0.59)
31. Physical and engineering science associate professionals4950.78
(0.71–0.85)
4.44
(2.92–6.67)
32.32
(28.35–36.57)
0.40
(0.01–1.56)
8.08
(5.97–10.84)
4.44
(2.92–6.67)
21.41
(18.02–25.25)
0.00
(0.00–0.93)
33. Teaching associate professionals1210.84
(0.70–1.00)
5.79
(2.63–11.66)
42.98
(34.50–51.88)
0.00
(0.00–3.70)
7.44
(3.79–13.70)
4.13
(1.53–9.56)
30.58
(23.05–39.30)
0.83
(0.00–4.99)
1. Soldiers120.85
(0.44–1.48)
0.00
(0.00–18.53)
41.67
(18.05–68.81)
0.00
(0.00–18.53)
0.00
(0.00–18.53)
0.00
(0.00–18.53)
33.33
(12.45–61.24)
0.00
(0.00–18.53)
13. Managers of small enterprises1580.85
(0.72–0.99)
5.06
(2.43–9.83)
27.85
(21.43–35.32)
1.27
(0.05–4.79)
6.96
(3.81–12.16)
1.90
(0.40–5.69)
23.42
(17.46–30.63)
0.00
(0.00–2.86)
24. Other professionals3910.86
(0.78–0.95)
6.65
(4.54–9.60)
36.57
(31.95–41.46)
0.26
(0.00–1.58)
9.46
(6.92–12.80)
5.88
(3.91–8.71)
23.79
(19.83–28.26)
0.77
(0.15–2.34)
80. Plant and machine operators and assemblers310.88
(0.62–1.26)
6.45
(1.36–19.12)
38.71
(23.19–56.23)
3.23
(0.35–14.10)
9.68
(2.80–23.63)
0.00
(0.00–7.72)
32.26
(17.94–49.71)
0.00
(0.00–7.72)
91. Sales and services elementary occupations1580.89
(0.76–1.04)
1.90
(0.40–5.69)
34.18
(27.23–41.88)
0.63
(0.00–3.86)
7.59
(4.28–12.92)
5.70
(2.88–10.61)
19.62
(14.14–26.54)
3.16
(1.16–7.39)
52. Models, salespersons and demonstrators2190.91
(0.80–1.04)
3.20
(1.43–6.58)
29.68
(24.01–36.05)
0.00
(0.00–2.08)
7.76
(4.83–12.15)
2.28
(0.83–5.38)
22.37
(17.34–28.36)
0.46
(0.00–2.80)
10. Legislators, senior officials and managers900.95
(0.77–1.17)
7.78
(3.57–15.44)
31.11
(22.46–41.31)
1.11
(0.00–6.63)
4.44
(1.39–11.23)
0.00
(0.00–4.91)
28.89
(20.50–39.00)
0.00
(0.00–4.91)
22. Life science and health professionals1380.95
(0.81–1.13)
4.35
(1.81–9.36)
26.09
(19.45–34.02)
0.00
(0.00–3.26)
4.35
(1.81–9.36)
2.90
(0.88–7.47)
17.39
(11.91–24.63)
1.45
(0.07–5.46)
72. Metal, machinery and related trades workers9440.96
(0.90–1.02)
2.33
(1.53–3.52)
36.12
(33.12–39.24)
0.42
(0.12–1.13)
9.22
(7.53–11.24)
6.99
(5.52–8.81)
21.19
(18.70–23.91)
0.95
(0.47–1.83)
71. Extraction and building trades workers10220.96
(0.91–1.02)
1.96
(1.25–3.02)
32.97
(30.16–35.92)
0.78
(0.37–1.57)
11.06
(9.27–13.13)
4.79
(3.63–6.29)
19.86
(17.53–22.42)
0.59
(0.24–1.31)
82. Machine operators and assemblers2620.97
(0.86–1.09)
3.05 (1.45–6.01)37.40
(31.76–43.41)
1.91
(0.69–4.52)
9.92
(6.82–14.19)
5.34
(3.14–8.84)
23.28
(18.56–28.78)
1.15
(0.23–3.47)
34. Other associate professionals10121.00
(0.94–1.07)
3.36
(2.40–4.67)
30.24
(27.49–33.14)
0.59
(0.24–1.32)
6.42
(5.06–8.11)
4.05
(2.99–5.46)
21.25
(18.83–23.87)
0.40
(0.11–1.05)
74. Other craft and related trades workers3801.01
(0.91–1.11)
1.84
(0.82–3.83)
32.11
(27.61–36.96)
1.58
(0.64–3.49)
11.58
(8.72–15.21)
4.74
(2.97–7.41)
18.16
(14.59–22.36)
0.53
(0.02–2.03)
42. Customer services clerks1361.02
(0.86–1.20)
2.21
(0.46–6.57)
37.50
(29.80–45.88)
0.00
(0.00–3.30)
6.62
(3.36–12.26)
7.35
(3.90–13.15)
25.74
(19.10–33.71)
0.00
(0.00–3.30)
51. Personal and protective services workers5441.02
(0.94–1.11)
3.13
(1.92–4.98)
34.01
(30.15–38.09)
0.74
(0.21–1.95)
9.19
(7.02–11.93)
5.88
(4.17–8.21)
20.77
(17.57–24.39)
0.37
(0.01–1.42)
73. Precision, handicraft, craft printing & related trade workers1501.03
(0.88–1.21)
2.67
(0.81–6.89)
36.67
(29.37–44.63)
0.00
(0.00–3.00)
6.67
(3.52–11.97)
3.33
(1.22–7.77)
26.00
(19.62–33.58)
1.33
(0.06–5.04)
93. Labourers in mining, construction, manufacturing & transport8601.06
(0.99–1.13)
1.51
(0.86–2.60)
32.21
(29.17–35.41)
0.23
(0.01–0.90)
11.40
(9.43–13.70)
9.30
(7.53–11.44)
13.72
(11.58–16.19)
0.35
(0.07–1.07)
41. Office clerks6771.08
(1.00–1.17)
2.36
(1.43–3.83)
32.05
(28.65–35.66)
0.59
(0.17–1.57)
8.71
(6.80–11.09)
6.06
(4.48–8.13)
19.05
(16.27–22.19)
0.44
(0.09–1.36)
83. Drivers and mobile plant operators5141.11
(1.02–1.21)
1.75
(0.87–3.35)
32.68
(28.77–36.86)
0.58
(0.11–1.79)
9.34
(7.10–12.18)
4.86
(3.29–7.11)
20.04
(16.80–23.72)
0.19
(0.00–1.21)
32. Life science and health associate professionals1081.12
(0.93–1.36)
4.63
(1.72–10.65)
37.04
(28.51–46.45)
0.00
(0.00–4.13)
12.04
(7.04–19.64)
3.70
(1.14–9.44)
24.07
(16.94–32.99)
0.00
(0.00–4.13)
61. Skilled agricultural and fishery workers5751.13
(1.04–1.22)
1.91
(1.03–3.44)
40.70
(36.75–44.76)
2.09
(1.16–3.65)
6.96
(5.13–9.35)
6.61
(4.83–8.96)
28.17
(24.65–31.99)
0.52
(0.10–1.60)
81. Stationary plant and related operators591.23
(0.96–1.59)
1.69
(0.00–9.85)
42.37
(30.60–55.07)
0.00
(0.00–7.31)
8.47
(3.27–18.75)
6.78
(2.20–16.64)
25.42
(15.96–37.89)
0.00
(0.00–7.31)
92. Agricultural, fishery and related labourers351.42
(1.02–1.98)
0.00
(0.00–6.88)
48.57
(32.68–64.69)
0.00
(0.00–6.88)
22.86
(11.44–38.55)
8.57
(2.47–21.14)
25.71
(13.55–41.71)
0.00
(0.00–6.88)
Spearman’s correlation with Holm-Bonferroni
correction (p-value < 0.01**, < 0.05*)
− 0.54*0.360.100.63**0.51*−0.070.16
  1. *Only diseases, which prevalence varied statistically significantly across occupations are presented. For each disease, the prevalence is reported with associated 95%-confidence interval (95%-CI)
  2. aOccupations are coded based on the 2-digit International Standard Classification of Occupations, version 88 and limited to those with at least 10 observed suicides; Occupations are sorted by increasing risk of suicide, reported as the age-standardized suicide ratio (SMR) and associated 95%-CI
\