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Table 3 Multiple linear regression analyses predicting symptoms of depression, generalized anxiety and PTSD at T1 and T2 (N = 108)

From: The prevalence and risk factors for mental distress among Syrian refugees in Germany: a register-based follow-up study

Predictors of depressive symptomsa Bd 95% CIe SEf β p
T1*
 Years of education −0.360 −0.619 to −0.101 0.130 −0.262 0.007
 Perceived discrimination 1.885 0.219 to 3.552 0.837 0.235 0.027
 Number of traumatic events 1.421 0.934 to 1.909 0.245 0.562 < 0.001
T2*
 Genderg −2.905 −5.474 to −0.904 1.157 −0.246 0.014
 Perceived discrimination 1.599 0.383 to 2.769 0.595 0.271 0.008
 Number of traumatic events 0.769 0.381 to 1.157 0.194 0.362 < 0.001
Predictors of GAD symptomsb
T1*
  Genderg −4.549 −6.663 to −2.434 1.062 −0.421 < 0.001
  Perceived discrimination 1.674 0.359 to 2.988 0.660 0.263 0.013
  Number of traumatic events 0.817 0.432 to 1.202 0.193 0.406 < 0.001
T2*
  Genderg −3.463 −5.563 to −1.659 1.001 −0.342 0.001
  Perceived discrimination 1.689 0.700 to 2.738 0.515 0.335 0.001
  Number of traumatic events 0.421 0.096 to 0.758 0.167 0.232 0.014
Predictors of PTSD symptomsc
T1*
  Genderg −7.131 −12.930 to −1.332 2.914 −0.252 0.017
  Number of traumatic events 2.515 1.460 to 3.570 0.530 0.478 < 0.001
T2*
  Future validity of permith −0.211 −0.388 to −0.035 0.089 −0.184 0.020
  Number of traumatic events 2.583 1.800 to 3.365 0.394 0.557 < 0.001
  1. * The following variables were included in each of the calculated multiple regressions at T1 and T2: gender, age, years of education, accommodation, work/school/studies, duration of stay in Germany, future validity of permit, perceived discrimination and number of traumatic events. In this table only significant predictors are shown
  2. a PHQ-9, Patient Health Questionnaire - Depression Module, sum score; b GAD-7, Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale, sum score; c ETI, Essen Trauma Inventory, sum score calculated on the basis of the three subscales (intrusion, hyperarousal and avoidance) that are relevant for the cut-off for a PTSD diagnosis; d B = regression coefficient; e CI = confidence interval; f SE = standard error; g 0 = female, 1 = male; h In months