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Table 3 Social determinants and risk factors in relation to mental health events

From: Earthquake-related stressors associated with suicidality, depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress in adolescents from Muisne after the earthquake 2016 in Ecuador

  Depression PTSD Anxiety Suicidal tendency
Mean ± SD P Mean ± SD p Mean ± SD p Mean ± SD p
Accommodation after earthquake
 Home 20.65 ± 9.28 0.202 19.32 ± 10.52 0.888 23.14 ± 11.40 0.156 3.02 ± 3.21 0.129
 Shelter 19.13 ± 9.63 19.50 ± 9.47 25.07 ± 10.37 2.40 ± 2.95
Current accommodation
 Home 19.71 ± 9.11 0.089 18.91 ± 10.12 0.056 23.20 ± 10.99 0.017 2.90 ± 3.22 0.019
 Shelter 22.72 ± 11.27 22.33 ± 9.67 27.84 ± 10.58 1.84 ± 1.93
Damages on family housing and properties
 Severe damage 19.92 ± 9.18 0.671 19.11 ± 10.36 0.383 23.11 ± 11.27 0.082 2.82 ± 3.14 0.840
 None or small 20.46 ± 9.89 20.28 ± 9.31 25.57 ± 10.20 2.73 ± 3.08
Economic damage
 None or small 18.86 ± 8.94 0.000 17.98 ± 9.86 0.000 22.78 ± 10.92 0.001 2.78 ± 3.08 0.762
 Job loss 24.10 ± 9.92 24.30 ± 9.38 27.65 ± 10.49 2.64 ± 3.25
Physical damages and severity
 None or minor 19.78 ± 9.21 0.143 19.07 ± 9.83 0.161 23.51 ± 10.75 0.094 2.73 ± 3.10 0.354
 Serious or death 22.78 ± 11.03 22.76 ± 12.46 27.36 ± 13.17 3.42 ± 3.27
Psychological help or counselling received
 No help 19.69 ± 9.07 0.294 19.16 ± 10.00 0.408 23.84 ± 11.28 0.923 2.74 ± 3.13 0.549
 At least once 20.92 ± 9.73 20.17 ± 10.26 23.97 ± 10.61 2.99 ± 3.10