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Table 4 Mediation model, indirect (mediated) effects

From: Relationship between parenting measures and parents and child psychopathological symptoms: a cross-sectional study

Effect β coefficient
(Bootstrap percentile CI)
SE z p
I.V. Mediator D.V.
Mother - Internalizing Affirmation Child - Externalizing 0.048 (0.009; 0.095) 0.022 2.052 0.040
Discipline − 0.035 (− 0.083; 0.008) 0.023 −1.428 0.153
Rules 0.010 (−0.008; 0.037) 0.012 0.824 0.410
Special Allow. 0.002 (− 0.010; 0.017) 0.006 0.359 0.719
Mother - Externalizing Affirmation 0.022 (− 0.018; 0.065) 0.021 1.134 0.257
Discipline 0.021 (−0.028; 0.074) 0.025 0.861 0.389
Rules 0.020 (−0.004; 0.058) 0.017 1.241 0.215
Special Allow. −0.001 (− 0.012; 0.011) 0.006 − 0.154 0.878
Father - Internalizing Affirmation −0.009 (− 0.054; 0.036) 0.022 − 0.381 0.703
Discipline −0.004 (− 0.037; 0.038) 0.019 − 0.180 0.857
Rules −0.009 (− 0.035; 0.008) 0.011 − 0.768 0.442
Special Allow. 0.004 (−0.012; 0.033) 0.011 0.390 0.697
Father - Externalizing Affirmation 0.044 (−0.003; 0.101) 0.026 1.777 0.076
Discipline 0.006 (−0.035; 0.043) 0.020 0.291 0.771
Rule 0.012 (−0.007; 0.045) 0.013 0.993 0.321
Special Allow. −0.004 (− 0.027; 0.011) 0.009 − 0.418 0.676
  1. Parenting style mediating parents’ internalizing and externalizing psychopathology (I.V.) and child’s externalizing psychopathology (D.V.). Covariates: gender, SES, children’s age and parent’s age