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Table 5 Mediation model, indirect (mediated) effects

From: Relationship between parenting measures and parents and child psychopathological symptoms: a cross-sectional study

Effect β coefficient
(CI)
SE z p
I.V. Mediator D.V.
Mother - Internalizing Affirmation Child - Internalizing −0.009 (− 0.044; 0.018) 0.014 − 0.584 0.560
Discipline 0.002 (−0.015; 0.025) 0.010 0.191 0.849
Rules 0.015 (−0.014; 0.047) 0.015 0.946 0.344
Special Allow. 0.011 (−0.010; 0.039) 0.012 0.920 0.358
Mother - Externalizing Affirmation −0.004 (− 0.032; 0.008) 0.010 − 0.428 0.669
Discipline −0.001 (− 0.022; 0.013) 0.008 − 0.146 0.884
Rules 0.028 (0.001; 0.085) 0.021 1.454 0.146
Special Allow. −0.004 (−0.029; 0.023) 0.012 −0.335 0.738
Father - Internalizing Affirmation 0.002 (−0.012; 0.021) 0.008 0.200 0.841
Discipline 0.001 (−0.010; 0.011) 0.005 0.041 0.967
Rules −0.012 (− 0.045; 0.0140) 0.014 − 0.859 0.390
Special Allow. 0.021 (−0.020; 0.056) 0.015 1.412 0.158
Father - Externalizing Affirmation −0.008 (− 0.050; 0.016) 0.015 − 0.557 0.578
Discipline −0.001 (− 0.013; 0.010) 0.005 − 0.061 0.951
Rules 0.017 (−0.010; 0.057) 0.016 1.156 0.248
Special Allow. −0.018 (− 0.052; 0.001) 0.014 −1.399 0.162
  1. Parenting style mediating parents’ internalizing and externalizing psychopathology (I.V.) and child’s internalizing psychopathology (D.V.). Covariates: gender, SES, children’s age and parent’s age. I.V.: Independent Variable; D.V. Dependent Variable, SES Socio-Economic Status, Special Allow. Special Allowances, CI confidence interval, SE Standard Error, z Goodman Test value, p probability value