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Table 6 Focus on the significant mediating effect of parenting style: Affirmation

From: Relationship between parenting measures and parents and child psychopathological symptoms: a cross-sectional study

Effect β coefficient (Bootstrap percentile CI) SE z P
Direct
 Int-Mother ➔ Ext-Child 0.130 (−0.002; 0.256) 0.066 1.823 0.068
Component
 Int-Mother ➔ Affirmation −0.195 (− 0.069; − 0.008) 0.015 −2.394 0.017
 Affirmation ➔ Ext-Child −0.247 (−1.771; − 0.660) 0.287 −4.260 < .001
Total
 Direct + Indirect 0.155 (0.004; 0.286) 0.072 2.008 0.045
  1. Direct effect, specific indirect effect and total effect of maternal internalizing psychopathology on children’s externalizing psychopathology through Affirmation (parenting style). Covariates: gender, SES, children’s age and parent’s age
  2. SES Socio-Economic Status, Int: Internalizing, Ext Externalizing, CI confidence interval, SE Standard Error, z Goodman Test value, p probability value