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Table 2 Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis of factors that were associated with knowledge about U.S. FDA approval of rTMS for treatment-resistant depression

From: Knowledge and attitudes about transcranial magnetic stimulation among psychiatrists in China

Variable Yes (n = 379) No (n = 143) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Gender
 Men 197 (0.74) 71 (0.26) 1  
 Women 182 (0.72) 72 (0.28) 0.91 (0.62–1.34)  
Age
 21–30 years 45 (0.68) 21 (0.32) 1  
 31–40 years 163 (0.69) 73 (0.31) 1.04 (0.58–1.87)  
 41–50 years 109 (0.74) 38 (0.26) 1.34 (0.71–2.53)  
 > 50 years 62 (0.85) 11 (0.15) 2.63 (1.15–6.00)*  
Professional title
 Resident doctor 89 (0.67) 43 (0.33) 1  
 Attending physician 144 (0.70) 61 (0.30) 1.14 (0.72–1.83)  
 Associate chief physician 94 (0.75) 31 (0.25) 1.45 (0.85–2.53)  
 Chief physician 52 (0.87) 8 (0.13) 3.14 (1.37–7.19)**  
Educational background
 College 16 (0.73) 6 (0.27) 1  
 Bachelor’s degree 249 (0.73) 93 (0.27) 1.00 (0.38–2.64)  
 Master’s degree 81 (0.72) 32 (0.28) 0.95 (0.34–2.64)  
 Doctoral degree 33 (0.73) 12 (0.27) 1.03 (0.33–3.25)  
Years of work
 1–10 years 143 (0.67) 71 (0.33) 1 1
 11–20 years 121 (0.72) 47 (0.28) 1.28 (0.82–1.98) 1.18 (0.75–1.86)
 > 20 years 115 (0.82) 25 (0.18) 2.28 (1.36–3.83)** 2.09 (1.23–3.56)**
Type of hospital
 Public hospital level I 31 (0.70) 13 (0.30) 1  
 Public hospital level II 110 (0.74) 39 (0.26) 1.18 (0.56–2.49)  
 Public hospital level III 238 (0.72) 91 (0.28) 1.10 (0.55–2.19)  
Psychiatric affiliation
 General hospital 102 (0.70) 43 (0.30) 1  
 Specialized hospital 277 (0.73) 100 (0.27) 1.17 (0.77–1.78)  
Onsite clinical rTMS program
 No 41 (0.58) 30 (0.42) 1  
 Yes 338 (0.75) 113 (0.25) 2.19 (1.31–3.67)**  
Trained in rTMS theory
 No 182 (0.62) 110 (0.38) 1 1
 Yes 197 (0.86) 33 (0.14) 3.61 (2.33–5.59)*** 3.50 (2.25–5.43)***
Trained in rTMS manipulation
 No 251 (0.67) 122 (0.33) 1  
 Yes 128 (0.86) 21 (0.14) 2.96 (1.78–4.93)***  
  1. OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001