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Table 1 Demographic characteristics and key variables for informal and formal caregivers

From: Predictors of mental health problems in formal and informal caregivers of patients with Alzheimer’s disease

  Informal caregivers (n = 50) Formal caregivers (n = 50)   
Variable M SD M SD t d
Age of caregivers 58.76 16.23 52.92 8.95 2.23* 0.45
Duration of care 6.61 4.93 3.66 2.91 3.64*** 0.74
Time spent caring per week 26.68 6.39 30.96 6.39 −3.35** 0.68
Proportions      χ2  
Caregiver sex
 Female 33a   45b   8.39** -
 Male 17a   5b    
Caregiver education
 Primary school graduate 2a   1a    
 Vocational school graduate 2a   4a   12.97** -
 High school graduate 14a   30b    
 University graduate 32a   15b    
Help from others
 None 14a   2b    
 From one source 22a   15a   20.02*** -
 From many sources 13a   33b    
 Unknown 1a   0a  
Stages of Alzheimer’s disease
 First stage 13a   24b    
 Second stage 25a   19b   5.04* -
 Third stage 12a   7b    
  1. Note. d = Cohen’s d for effect size measures; M = mean; SD = standard deviation; t = Student’s t test; χ2 = chi-squared test
  2. * p < 0.05. ** p < 0.01. *** p < 0.001